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It is possible to safely protect human volunteers immunized with P. vivax irradiated sporozoites from P. vivax challenge with live sporozoites.
Title: Phase 1 and Phase 2a Clinical Trial: Immunization of human volunteers with P. vivax irr-spz. (Short name: Irrad-SPZ) Population 27 healthy adult volunteers, males and non-pregnant females, between 18-45 years of age, who fulfill inclusion/exclusion criteria (described below) as determined by clinical history and serological tests. Approximately 20 parasitized blood-donor volunteers will be required to infected Anopheles mosquitoes which will be used to immunize volunteers with a total of 1000-1500 infected mosquitoes, during 8-10 months. Afterwards challenge to prove protection.
Number of Sites: 2 Study Duration: 2 years. Subject Duration : Step1: 1-2 hours to blood donors; Step 2 and 3: 2 years to immunized volunteers Objectives Primary
• To assess the safety and protective efficacy of P. vivax irradiated sporozoite vaccination.
- To determine the immune responses and duration elicited by the P. vivax challenge in human Fy(+) volunteers previously immunized with irr-spz, as compared with non-immunized human volunteers.
- To determine the immune responses and duration elicited by irr-spz immunization scheme in human Fy(+) volunteers; comparing it with the same immunization scheme with non irr-spz in Fy(-) participants, and also with controls exposed to the same mosquito bite scheme as that of immunization but using mosquitoes without parasite infection.
- To study new antigens potentially useful to induce pre-erythrocytic protection against P. vivax malaria infection
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Immunization with P. vivax irradiated sporozoites
Malaria Vaccine of Develepmente Center
Not yet recruiting
Malaria Vaccine and Drug Development Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:24-0400
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A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.
An aminoquinoline that is given by mouth to produce a radical cure and prevent relapse of vivax and ovale malarias following treatment with a blood schizontocide. It has also been used to prevent transmission of falciparum malaria by those returning to areas where there is a potential for re-introduction of malaria. Adverse effects include anemias and GI disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopeia, 30th ed, p404)
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
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