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The purpose of the study is to recognize main causes of acute decompensation of chronic congestive heart failure.
Congestive heart failure (CHF) presents a very significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of CHF is between 2 and 4% and rises with age (in 70- to 80-year-old people is between 10 and 20%). CHF is the cause of 5% of all acute hospital admissions and accounts for 2% of expenses on health. The most common causes of worsening of the chronic CHF are ischemia, arrhythmias, valvular dysfunction, systemic or pulmonary hypertension, volume overload or fluid retention, high output conditions (infection, anemia, thyrotoxicosis), drugs (NSAIDs, cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitors, thiazolidinediones) and medication nonadherence. The goal of this study is to determine the proportion of various reasons of acute worsening of CHF, using commonly available methods including assessment of serum drug levels.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Congestive Heart Failure
University Hospital Hradec Kralove
University Hospital Hradec Kralove
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:24-0400
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A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
A semisynthetic digitalis glycoside with the general properties of DIGOXIN but more rapid onset of action. Its cardiotonic action is prolonged by its demethylation to DIGOXIN in the liver. It has been used in the treatment of congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...