Brief Voluntary Alcohol and Drug Intervention for Middle School Youth

2014-08-27 03:15:25 | BioPortfolio


We are currently working in 16 middle schools across Los Angeles, Santa Monica and Torrance to test out a voluntary after school program called Project CHOICE, which focuses on helping students decrease their alcohol and drug use. We are conducting surveys in all schools over three years and providing the intervention in 8 schools in the 2008-2009 school year and in the other 8 schools in the 2011-2012 school year. This is a program we have provided before in middle schools and we found that it was effective in curbing alcohol and drug use among students who voluntarily attended and among all students at the intervention school.


The middle school years are peak years for initiation of alcohol and marijuana (Johnston et al., 2007). Unfortunately, most youth who engage in substance use and experience problems are unlikely to voluntarily make use of formal prevention services (D'Amico, 2005; Johnson et al., 2001; Wu et al., 2003). A small body of recent research suggests that youth may benefit from less formal programs that are brief, voluntary, and easily accessible (Brown, 2001; D'Amico et al., 2005). However, very few intervention programs of this type have been developed (Little and Harris, 2003). Thus, while this approach shows promise, the impact of intervention programs that younger teens may choose to attend has not been extensively examined. One such intervention, Project CHOICE, was developed and tested by the PI using NIAAA funding for developmental work (R21AA13284). Project CHOICE is the only voluntary intervention that has been tested for middle school youth and our small quasi-experimental study has demonstrated its efficacy in one school setting (D'Amico and Edelen, in press; D'Amico et al., 2005). The Project CHOICE intervention addresses several critical gaps in the field, including beginning to understand voluntary service utilization among this age group and assessing how this type of program may impact school-wide use of alcohol and other drugs (AOD). The main objective of the proposed 5-year longitudinal study is to build on our initial work by conducting a more rigorous test of Project CHOICE. The study will include 16 middle schools, located in the ethnically diverse Southern California cities of Los Angeles, Santa Monica, and Torrance. These schools will be randomly assigned as intervention (n= 8) or control (n = 8). We will first examine individual-level effects by testing whether Project CHOICE affects AOD-related outcomes among students who participate in the intervention. We will then examine school-level effects by testing whether AOD rates among all students in the intervention schools are affected, regardless of participation. We assume that these school-level effects will be due to changes in the school environment (e.g., Project CHOICE advertising, discussion of Project CHOICE among students, changes in social norms). In anticipation of this school-level impact, a secondary objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of who participates in Project CHOICE, as well as how these participants and changes in the school environment may influence the attitudes and behaviors of those who do not participate. This research incorporates a novel methodology for AOD involvement, as it emphasizes personal self-change efforts and natural recovery and is appealing to both using and non-using youth. The work proposed in this application represents the important next step in this line of research: to more critically evaluate Project CHOICE and its potential impact on both school-wide and individual outcomes with a larger population of youth.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention


Alcohol Drinking


Project CHOICE


16 middle schools in Torrance, Santa Monica, and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
United States





Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:25-0400

Clinical Trials [1043 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Unhealthy Alcohol Drinking and Anesthetic Requirement in Women

Unhealthy alcohol drinking is negatively influencing health of people and costing a large number of annual finance via "secondhand" effects. Additionally, unhealthy alcohol use covers a sp...

Saracatinib and Alcohol Drinking

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of the study medication, saracatinib/AZD0530 (placebo or 125 mg/day) on alcohol drinking behavior in a laboratory setting in which part...

Marijuana's Impact on Alcohol Motivation and Consumption

This laboratory study will employ a repeated measures experimental design to examine the effect of high (7.2% THC) and moderate (3% THC) dose of marijuana, relative to placebo, on alcohol ...

Family History Study of Alcohol Consumption Using Memantine

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of the study medication, memantine (placebo, 20 mg or 40 mg/day) on alcohol drinking behavior in a laboratory setting in which particip...

Validation in Humans of Genes Involved in Alcohol Drinking, Stress-Induced Alcohol Drinking and Relapse

Aim of the project is to validate and functionally characterize the combined impact of candidate genes and stress exposure on drinking in adolescents. Lifetime and recent stress experience...

PubMed Articles [5561 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Prenatal alcohol exposure and offspring alcohol use and misuse at 22 years of age: A prospective longitudinal study.

Studies have shown that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is related to drinking problems during adulthood, but the level of prenatal exposure associated with young adults' quantity and frequency of alc...

Processing Transdermal Alcohol Concentration (TAC) data to Detect Low-Level Drinking.

Several studies have objectively quantified drinking through the use of Alcohol Monitoring System's (AMS) transdermal alcohol concentration (TAC) device known as SCRAM CAM. Criteria that AMS uses to d...

Chronic inflammatory pain drives alcohol drinking in a sex-dependent manner for C57BL/6J mice.

Sex differences in chronic pain and alcohol abuse are not well understood. The development of rodent models is imperative for investigating the underlying changes behind these pathological states. In ...

Aspirational Brand Choice and Underage Alcohol Use.

Marketing aims to foster brand allegiance, and alcohol is a heavily marketed commodity. We hypothesize that exposed youth who are able to identify an aspirational alcohol brand will be at higher risk ...


Societal-level volume and pattern of drinking and alcohol control policy have received little attention in the alcohol and injury literature. The aim of this study was to estimate the association betw...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.

Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.

Alcohol consumption among college students.

FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.

Consumption of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES by persons under the legal drinking age.

More From BioPortfolio on "Brief Voluntary Alcohol and Drug Intervention for Middle School Youth"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...

Searches Linking to this Trial