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Postreperfusion syndrome (PRS) is a relatively common phenomenon in patients undergoing liver transplantation which is characterized by an acute drop in blood pressure immediately after the prefusion is restored to the transplanted liver. We hypothesized that PRS would be prevented when phenylephrine or epinephrine is administered immediately prior to reperfusion in liver transplantation.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Hypotension After Reperfusion in Liver Transplantation
phenylephrine, epinephrine, placebo control
Seoul National University Hospital
Korea, Republic of
Seoul National University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:29-0400
The study involves research, the purpose of which is to compare three different drug mixtures (Epinephrine, Phenylephrine 25 µg, or Phenylephrine 50 µg). Specifically, how long each med...
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Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
Damage to the MYOCARDIUM resulting from MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION (restoration of blood flow to ischemic areas of the HEART.) Reperfusion takes place when there is spontaneous thrombolysis, THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY, collateral flow from other coronary vascular beds, or reversal of vasospasm.
Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
Restoration of blood supply to tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. It is primarily a procedure for treating infarction or other ischemia, by enabling viable ischemic tissue to recover, thus limiting further necrosis. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing REPERFUSION INJURY.
A racemic mixture of d-epinephrine and l-epinephrine.
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