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Research has shown that Vitamin D is important in preventing rickets in children, osteomalacia in adults, certain cancers, cardiovascular disease, Type 2 Diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Data suggests that Vitamin D deficiency is common throughout the world. With increasing medical conditions being linked to Vitamin D deficiency, it is suggested that establishing early normal Vitamin D levels is important to long term health.
There are low quantities of maternal Vitamin D that transfer from blood into breast milk. This places nursing infants at risk of developing low Vitamin D levels, and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends they receive 400 international units (IU) of Vitamin D daily. If nursing mothers were supplemented with oral Vitamin D, this may produce adequate total Vitamin D in the breast milk for the growing infant to consume. By taking this potential therapeutic approach, this would prevent the burden of administering an oral Vitamin D liquid supplement to an infant.
Recent laboratory technology now allows measurement of total Vitamin D (parent Vitamin D2 plus parent Vitamin D3). The main objective of this pilot study is to compare total Vitamin D levels resulting from daily Vitamin D supplementation of 5,000 international units of cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3) orally for 28 days vs. 150,000 international units of cholecalciferol orally once in healthy, non-pregnant, non-lactating female subjects aged 18 � 40. The research results will be used to help identify an optimal dosing regimen to administer to lactating mothers to hopefully deliver adequate total Vitamin D in nursing infants. This separate study will be conducted at a later date under a subsequent protocol.
Previous research has demonstrated that Vitamin D3 levels become undetectable within 14 days after adult subjects received 100,000 international units of cholecalciferol. The investigators' central hypothesis is that daily dosing of 5,000 international units of cholecalciferol orally will maintain detectable total Vitamin D levels in serum after fourteen days, compared to high-dose 150,000 international units of oral cholecalciferol once.
It is anticipated the aims of this pilot study will yield the following results. First, we, the investigators, hope to determine the resulting Vitamin D blood levels and calculate an appropriate dosing strategy for future research. Next we plan to measure the resulting 25,hydroxyvitamin D levels that correspond with these dosing regimens, since 25,hydroxyvitamin D is the major indicator of Vitamin D status in humans. Lastly, we will measure blood calcium and phosphorus levels to assure these doses of Vitamin D are tolerated by healthy female subjects.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Single High Dose Cholecalciferol, Daily Dose Cholecalciferol
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:30-0400
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The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Mice selectively bred for hypersusceptibility to two-stage chemical skin carcinogenesis. They are also hypersusceptible to UV radiation tumorigenesis with single high-dose, but not chronic low-dose, exposures. SENCAR (SENsitive to CARcinogenesis) mice are used in research as an animal model for tumor production.
A treatment schedule in which the total dose of radiation is divided into large doses.
Derivative of 7-dehydroxycholesterol formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. It differs from ERGOCALCIFEROL in having a single bond between C22 and C23 and lacking a methyl group at C24.
The highest dose of a biologically active agent given during a chronic study that will not reduce longevity from effects other than carcinogenicity. (from Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
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