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The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, tolerability and steady-state pharmacokinetics of intravenous (IV) Carbamazepine (CBZ) infusions relative to orally administered CBZ in adult patients with epilepsy.
This phase 1, multicenter, sequential, open-label study was designed to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of IV CBZ relative to orally administered CBZ in adult subjects with epilepsy. The study design used an increasing dose/treatment escalation cohort paradigm wherein subjects were enrolled in a cohort based on their total daily dose (TDD) of oral CBZ and their calculated creatinine clearance (CLcr; calculated by the Cockroft-Gault equation) on Day -28. The purpose of the increasing dose/treatment escalation cohort design was to provide a means for the independent data monitoring committee (IDMC) to assess safety prior to enrolling in subsequent cohorts; data were summarized by infusion time, renal function and dose. The initial subjects enrolled had normal renal function (CLcr >= 80 mL/min) and were stable on oral dosing of CBZ from 400 mg/day to 800 mg/day. Subsequent Dosing Cohorts enrolled subjects on higher doses of oral CBZ and allowed subjects with some renal impairment to be enrolled.
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:30-0400
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of intravenous (IV) carbamazepine (CBZ) administered as multiple 15 minute infusions to adult patients with epilepsy on s...
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of zonisamide with carbamazepine and to determine the optimum dose of zonisamide in patients with epilepsy.
Randomised controlled trial of the use of phenobarbitone and carbamazepine in childhood epilepsy in Bangladesh with particular reference to behavioural side effects.
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of Topiramate in comparison to Carbamazepine in Benign rolandic epilepsy.
To demonstrate the non-inferiority of Levetiracetam (1000 mg/day) versus Carbamazepine Immediate-Release (400 mg/day) used as monotherapy for at least 6 months in a Chinese population with...
Recently, an intravenous formulation of carbamazepine (CBZ) (sulphobutylether-7-beta-cyclodextrine carbamazepine, SBECD CBZ) has been developed and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. I...
Epilepsy is a chronic medical disease and is associated with comorbid adverse somatic conditions due to epilepsy itself or its long-term treatment.
Resistance to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is a major clinical problem. The overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), one of the main transporters limiting the entry of xenobiotics into the brain, is amon...
Lacosamide selectively enhances slow inactivation of voltage-gated sodium channels to achieve seizure reduction. We studied the effect of intravenous lacosamide given as one of three single doses on E...
The main purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of levetiracetam (LEV) with the older antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for preventing atypical evolution in children with Rolandic epilepsy (RE). A...
A disorder characterized by the onset of myoclonus in adolescence, a marked increase in the incidence of absence seizures (see EPILEPSY, ABSENCE), and generalized major motor seizures (see EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). The myoclonic episodes tend to occur shortly after awakening. Seizures tend to be aggravated by sleep deprivation and alcohol consumption. Hereditary and sporadic forms have been identified. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p323)
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
An anticonvulsant used to control grand mal and psychomotor or focal seizures. Its mode of action is not fully understood, but some of its actions resemble those of PHENYTOIN; although there is little chemical resemblance between the two compounds, their three-dimensional structure is similar.
An anticonvulsant effective in tonic-clonic epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). It may cause blood dyscrasias.
An autosomal dominant inherited partial epilepsy syndrome with onset between age 3 and 13 years. Seizures are characterized by PARESTHESIA and tonic or clonic activity of the lower face associated with drooling and dysarthria. In most cases, affected children are neurologically and developmentally normal. (From Epilepsia 1998 39;Suppl 4:S32-S41)
Epilepsy is defined as a disorder of brain function characterized by recurrent seizures that have a sudden onset. (Oxford Medical Dictionary). A seizure is caused by a sudden burst of excess electrical activity in the brain, causing a tempora...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...