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This is a pilot study. The purpose of the study is to facilitate the development of a new biomarker of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) function using rectal tissue.
CF research has advanced to the point where small molecule agents have been developed to overcome the underlying genetic defects caused by CFTR mutations.
There is a critical need to develop new sensitive biomarkers of CFTR function and biochemistry that can be used in early phase clinical trials to demonstrate biologic effects of investigative agents in vivo. Intestinal Current Measurement (ICM) from rectal biopsy samples is an assay that has been proven to be sensitive and specific for CFTR function. This method and site of investigation is particularly attractive, since CFTR is expressed at high levels in the rectum, it is not altered by disease manifestations, and the tissue can be studied ex vivo, providing more flexibility in the nature of the techniques to detect and quantify CFTR activity.
This study will aid in the development of new biomarkers in human rectal tissue for use in CF clinical trials. Testing compounds that are designed to restore function to disease-causing CFTR genes and proteins will provide an opportunity to improve and standardize techniques in the acquisition and measurement of CFTR activity in rectal biopsy specimens.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital
CF Therapeutics Development Network Coordinating Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:31-0400
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An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.
Intestinal obstruction caused by congealed MECONIUM in the distal ILEUM and CECUM. It presents shortly after birth as a failure to pass meconium and frequently occurs in infants with CYSTIC FIBROSIS.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...
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