Combined Anesthesia for Labor and Maternal Temperature

2014-07-23 21:09:57 | BioPortfolio


Maternal intra-partum fever commonly complicates the process of labour. Its occurrence is often regarded as being synonymous with the presence of chorioamnionitis. This inevitably results in the administration of antibiotics to the affected mother. Review of the literature however suggests that this approach is not always appropriate. Non-infective causes of this condition that are often overlooked include the use of epidural analgesia for pain relief, normal thermal physiological changes in women not using any form of analgesia and delivery in an overheated room. Women with certain risk factors such as nulliparity and a long latent phase of labour are also more prone to developing maternal intra-partum fever. Irrespective of its aetiology, maternal intra-partum fever carries risks both for the mother and her unborn child. Putting more thought into the care of these patients will go a long way in reducing the maternal and neonatal morbidity associated with this complication.The combined spinal-epidural (CSE) technique has been introduced in an attempt to reduce these adverse effects. CSE is believed to during labour provide more rapid onset of analgesia than epidural analgesia, The incidence of fever is significantly lower with CSE technique.


The objective this study is determine the fever maternal incidence with CSE technique for labor analgesia.

METHODS: a randomized open clinical trial will be conducted involving Seventy healthy, term, nulliparous women in spontaneous labor were assigned to either CSE technique or non pharmacologic analgesia for labor.these patients will be randomly assigned to receive or not CSE technique for labor analgesia. Outcomes analysis wiil include maternal fever, pain intensity measured by visual analog scale, labor duration, c-section and instrumental delivery. statical analysis will performed using Mann-Whitney and Fisher" exact test 5% level of significance.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment




Combined epidural and spinal anesthesia




Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:57-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.

The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.

Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)

Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.

Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.

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