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Transvaginal hybrid procedures are of interest as an available NOTES procedure for the clinical routine. The gynaecologists` experiences and the available studies report on low morbidity related to the transvaginal access. However, little is known about the vaginal and intraabdominal microbial contamination due to the transvaginal approach.
The aim of this cohort study is to evaluate the microbial colonisation and contamination in patients with transvaginal hybrid and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Therefore, pre- and intraoperative microbiological evaluations will be performed in patients with transvaginal hybrid cholecystectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Smear test vaginally, intraabdominally, Smear test vaginally, intraabdominally
Department of Surgery
Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:35-0400
The purpose of this study is to compare suitability, specificity and sensitivity of the routine smear and the tampon self-test women perform at home. Study hypothesis: The tampon self-tes...
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Despite the existence of an effective screening test (pap smear), cervical cancer is, every year in France, the cause of more than 3,000 new cases and 1,100 deaths. But, in France, 4 in 10...
Multicentre prospective study of concordance between two tissue sampling modes (smear / biopsy), which applies the same diagnostic method (PCR).
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We aimed to provide information through 2015 about use in the United States of estrogen products, including orally and vaginally administered products, in postmenopausal women.
Adherent debris produced when cutting the enamel or dentin in cavity preparation. It is about 1 micron thick and its composition reflects the underlying dentin, although different quantities and qualities of smear layer can be produced by the various instrumentation techniques. Its function is presumed to be protective, as it lowers dentin permeability. However, it masks the underlying dentin and interferes with attempts to bond dental material to the dentin.
A form of LEPROSY classified by the World Health Organization for the purpose of treatment, based on clinical manifestations and skin smear results. Patients with paucibacillary leprosy have fewer than six skin lesions with no causative agent MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE on any slit-skin smear testing. Paucibacillary leprosy encompasses indeterminate, borderline tuberculoid, and tuberculoid leprosy.
A form of LEPROSY classified by the World Health Organization for the purpose of treatment, based on clinical manifestations and skin smear results. Patients with multibacillary leprosy have six or more lesions with or without positive skin smear results for the causative agent MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Multibacillary leprosy encompasses borderline lepromatous, midborderline, and lepromatous leprosy.
Morphological abnormalities of the cervical EPITHELIUM, usually revealed in PAP SMEAR, which do not meet the criteria for squamous CERVICAL INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA or SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMAS of the CERVIX . It may be a sign of infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV).or sign of a benign (not cancer) growth, such as a cyst or polyp or, in menopausal women, of low hormone levels. More testing, such as HPV test, may be needed.
The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...