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An open label, prospective, randomized cross-over phase II study in up to 60 sickle cell patients who are either homozygous for Hb S or have HbSB0 thalassemia. Initially, each patient will be treated for 6 weeks with placebo or a standard dose of propranolol (40 mg) every 12 hrs. This will be followed by a 2-week washout period after which, patients will receive the other treatment modality (placebo or propranolol).
We Hypothesize that propranolol administered in vivo on a daily basis for 6 weeks (1) will decrease baseline adhesion to endothelial cells and will substantially abrogate epinephrine-stimulated adhesion to endothelial cells, as measured in vitro; (2) will improve biomarkers of endothelial activation and dysfunction; and (3) can be safely used in patients with SCD. Thus, the use of propranolol in SCD may represent a safe and effective means of anti-adhesive therapy in SCD.
• To establish the safety and efficacy of long-term therapy with propranolol as an anti-adhesive therapy for SCD.
• To evaluate changes in soluble markers of endothelial activation and dysfunction.
Correlative Science Objective:
• To determine whether response to propranolol therapy is associated with polymorphisms in genes encoding the proteins involved in the upregulation of SS RBC adhesion by epinephrine.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Sickle Cell Disease
Duke University Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:57-0400
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One of the sickle cell disorders characterized by the presence of both hemoglobin S and hemoglobin C. It is similar to, but less severe than sickle cell anemia.
An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
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A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
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