High Volume Veno-venous Hemofiltration Versus Standard Care for Post-cardiac Surgery Shock

2014-08-27 03:15:35 | BioPortfolio


This study seeks to determine if early continuous High Volume Veno-venous Hemofiltration (HVHF) reduces 30-day all cause mortality in post-cardiac surgery patients developing shock requiring high doses catecholamines.


Study Title - Early continuous high volume veno-venous hemofiltration vs. standard care for post-cardiac surgery shock requiring high dose catecholamines. An open label randomized multicenter controlled trial. The HEROICS Study: HEmofiltration to Rescue severe shOck followIng Cardiac Surgery.

Clinical Phase - III Study Rationale - Systemic inflammatory response syndrome associated with cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) shares many pathophysiologic features of septic shock and post-resuscitation syndrome. Since high volume hemofiltration has been shown to markedly improve hemodynamic profile and survival in these situations, there is a strong rationale for testing, with an adequately powered randomized controlled trial, this purification technique in patients developing post-cardiac surgery shock requiring high doses catecholamine.

Trial Design -

The proposed study will compare high volume hemofiltration (80 ml/kg/h or a maximum of 8L/h) for 48 hours following heart surgery to standard treatment, where extra-renal replacement therapy (CVVHDF mode, total effluent <35 ml/kg/h) will be initiated only if the following criteria are met:

- Serum creatinine > 350 micromol/L or increase x3.0 from pre-operative value OR

- Diuresis < 0.3 ml/kg/h for 24 hours despite adequate fluid resuscitation OR

- Or serum urea > 36 mmol/l OR

- Or life threatening hyperkalemia. In the experimental arm, hemofiltration will be stopped after 48h if diuresis >1500 ml without diuretics and if IV infusion of catecholamines is less than 0.1 microg/kg/min of epinephrine, 0.2 microg/kg/min of norepinephrine or the sum of epinephrine + norepinephrine/2 is less than 0.1 microg/kg/min. In other cases, hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) will be initiated until the above objectives are reached, with equal flow rate of dialysate and reinfusion fluid, the sum of which being 35 ml/kg/h (or a maximum of 3500 ml/h).

Subject Participation - 90 days

Rationale for Number of Subjects - The study will follow a sequential analytical plan with stopping rules based on the triangular test. The expected mortality of the control group is expected to be 25% and the expected absolute mortality reduction with the experimental treatment of 12%. For 80% power and a 5% α-risk, the study characteristics, calculated with the triangular test, are as follows: a maximum of 540 subjects to be included and a 90% probability of stopping the study before 330 subjects have been included. With an inclusion rate of 120-150 patients per year, the maximum duration of the study is 2 years and 3 months and the probability of stopping the study before 18 months is 90%.

Approximate duration of Study - 27 months

Study Objective(s) Primary - The primary study outcome is death from all causes at 30 days after randomisation.


1. Mortality 60 and 90 days following study enrollment

2. ICU and Hospital mortality

3. Mortality adjusted on the type of surgery and patient severity at randomization

4. Duration of catecholamine infusion and number of catecholamine-free days at 30 days following study enrollment

5. Duration of renal replacement therapy and number of renal replacement therapy -free days at 30 days following study enrollment

6. Recovery of renal failure and dialysis independent survival

7. Duration of mechanical ventilation and number of mechanical ventilation -free days at 30 days following study enrollment

8. SOFA score on days 1, 2 ,3 ,4 ,7 ,15 , and 30 following study enrollment

9. Reduction in markers of overt coagulation and inflammation at days 2, 4 and 7 following study enrollment

10. ICU and Hospital length of stay

11. Mortality analysis according to subgroups of patients (type of surgery, severity at randomization, renal function at randomization)

Approximate Number of Subjects - 330

Approximate Number of Study Centres - 8 centres distributed in France will participate in the study.

Treatment Administration - Each participant will be randomised to receive high volume hemofiltration (CVVH, 80 ml/kg/h or a maximum of 8L/h) for 48 hours following heart surgery or standard treatment, where extra-renal replacement therapy (CVVHDF mode, total effluent <35 ml/kg/h) will be initiated only if criteria for renal failure are met.

Safety Evaluation - Safety for individual patients will be assessed on an ongoing basis by physical examination, including vital signs, outputs from dialysis machine records, laboratory assessments, and monitoring of adverse events. Overall study safety will be ensured by an Independent Data Safety Monitoring Committee, independent from all Trial investigators, which will perform ongoing review of predefined safety parameters and study conduct.

Efficacy Evaluation - Overall survival at 30 days post randomisation

Statistical Analysis - The first analysis is scheduled after the inclusion of 60 subjects. Thereafter, stopping rules are scheduled to be sequentially applied, based on the triangular test. This will allow us to stop the trial as soon as there are sufficient evidence that one of the 2 treatment strategies are more dangerous or that there was no longer a chance of demonstrating the postulated treatment difference of 12%, while controlling the risks of type I and II errors. Sequential analyses will be conducted every 20 patients. The baseline and outcome variables will be compared using Students t test, Chi squared and the Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for the 30 days following randomization will be compared with a log-rank test., with survival being calculated from the date of randomization.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment




high volume hemofiltration, standard care


Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière




Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An abnormally low volume of blood circulating through the body. It may result in hypovolemic shock (see SHOCK).

High-amplitude compression waves, across which density, pressure, and particle velocity change drastically. The mechanical force from these shock waves can be used for mechanically disrupting tissues and deposits.

A group of eukaryotic high-molecular mass heat-shock proteins that represent a subfamily of HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. Hsp110 proteins prevent protein aggregation and can maintain denatured proteins in folding-competent states.

The minimum acceptable patient care, based on statutes, court decisions, policies, or professional guidelines.

The combination of hemodialysis and hemofiltration either simultaneously or sequentially. Convective transport (hemofiltration) may be better for removal of larger molecular weight substances and diffusive transport (hemodialysis) for smaller molecular weight solutes.

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