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Insights in the Pathophysiology of Transient Left Ventricular Ballooning Syndrome (TLVBS)

2014-08-27 03:15:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Transient left ventricular ballooning syndrome (TLVBS) is a cardiac syndrome that is characterised by acute but transient left ventricular (LV) dysfunction.

Since the syndrome clearly is not a rare phenomenon and since prognosis is not as benign as originally thought, there is a need for further research into the etiology and pathophysiology of TLVBS. Therefore the investigators aim to study the microvascular and endothelial function in their population of TLVBS patients.

Description

It was shown recently that in patients with previous TLVBS a cold pressor test (CPT) was able to induce new mid-ventricular and apical wall motion abnormalities, similar to those in the acute phase of the syndrome. Moreover, coronary blood flow (CBF), assessed by means of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), increased in a group of control subjects but not in the TLVBS patients, suggesting a chronic impairment of coronary vasodilation reserve and thus microvascular dysfunction.

Since the syndrome clearly is not a rare phenomenon and since prognosis is not as benign as originally thought, there is a need for further research into the etiology and pathophysiology of TLVBS. Therefore the investigators aim to study the microvascular and endothelial function in their population of TLVBS patients. The project will be split up into two parts:

1. From the patients that are already known in the prospective registry, patients willing to participate after informed consent will be asked to undergo a "reactive hyperaemia - pulse amplitude tonometry" (RH-PAT) baseline and after CPT and a cardiac magnetic resonance scan (CMR), at least 3 months after the last TLVBS event.

The RH-PAT evaluates endothelial function. The CMR-evaluation at rest consists of assessment of global and regional left ventricular function, the exclusion of irreversible damage (lack of gadolinium hyperenhancement) and the evaluation of rest perfusion. Subsequently, adenosine-induced hyperemia is induced by an infusion of 140 µg/kg/min adenosine for 3 to 4 minutes, with stress perfusion sequence starting at 3 minutes. After approximately 10 minutes, a CPT will be performed (180 seconds immersion of the left foot in ice water (4°C)) immediately followed by a series of CMR cine sequences and a second stress perfusion CMR sequence. Afterwards the RH-PAT examination is repeated and blood sampling will be done for measuring plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), the catecholamines epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine and a marker for endothelial function endothelin-1.

Patients will be monitored for one hour and before discharge two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography will be performed to exclude residual wall motion abnormalities. The investigators goal is to include at least 30 patients in this protocol.

2. Patients who are newly admitted with TLVBS will follow a clinical path during index hospitalisation including serial ECG recording, serial blood sampling of cardiac biomarkers (Troponin I, CKMB), a sole sampling of BNP, catecholamines and endothelin-1, a RH-PAT measurement, a 2D echocardiogram, a coronary angiogram and a CMR with rest perfusion sequence. They will also be asked to return to the hospital at 3 months for the evaluation mentioned above. Patients will be added to the prospective registry.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Transient Left Ventricular Ballooning Syndrome

Location

UZ Leuven
Leuven
Vlaams-Brabant
Belgium
3000

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Gasthuisberg

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A transient left ventricular apical dysfunction or ballooning accompanied by electrocardiographic (ECG) T wave inversions. This abnormality is associated with high levels of CATECHOLAMINES, either administered or endogenously secreted from tumor or during extreme stress.

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Absence of the orifice between the RIGHT ATRIUM and RIGHT VENTRICLE, with the presence of an atrial defect through which all the systemic venous return reaches the left heart. As a result, there is left ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR) because the right ventricle is absent or not functional.

A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.

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