Advertisement

Topics

Incidence of Vivax Along the Thai Burma Border

2014-07-23 21:09:58 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a continuous cohort study consisting of 200 participants (one third 6 months old to 5 years, one third 6 to 15 years old, one third ≥ 15 years old) i.e. a new patient will be recruited (from the same age group) for any patient who develops a Pv infection so that the cohort will always have 200 patients for 3 years. Each patient will be actively followed-up every 8 weeks until Plasmodium vivax infection occurs but the duration of follow up and the number of follow up visits for each patient will vary depending on when or if a vivax infection occurs and when the patient is recruited. Therefore, the minimum follow up period for each patient will be 6 months or time to vivax infection and the maximum will be 3 years if a patient does not get vivax infection and is recruited at the beginning of the study.

Description

This study will evaluate the most likely approach to malaria elimination; the administration of a radical curative dose of primaquine to the entire potentially infected population. In this study we will focus on patients who have had vivax malaria in the past year and so are very likely to harbour liver hypnozoites. Radical treatment is not given on the Thai-Burmese border because risks are considered to outweigh benefits, but it is recommended in Thailand. We believe that this policy could be changed if there was sufficient information.

Patients who have received chloroquine only treatment could be considered as incompletely treated. We plan to conduct a carefully documented evaluation of radical treatment in such patients. Through this we aim to determine the incidence of vivax malaria in patients living in a vivax endemic area following radical treatment. This will provide information on the safety and tolerability of primaquine, used in the context most likely during an elimination programme, and also will provide information on the incidence of vivax malaria. Adults and children > 6 months old with a documented P.vivax infection in the last 12 months will be recruited. In conjunction with a parallel study evaluating epidemiology in treated vivax malaria, we will be able to characterize the relapse history of P vivax. This will provide the foundation for further studies evaluating the efficacy of primaquine regimens.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Vivax Malaria

Intervention

Primaquine

Location

Shoklo Malaria Research Unit
Mae Sot
Tak
Thailand

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Oxford

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:58-0400

Clinical Trials [525 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Safety and Efficacy of Chloroquine and Primaquine for Vivax Malaria in Bhutan

This research is intended to study the efficacy of chloroquine (CQ) and primaquine (PQ) for Plasmodium vivax (P.vivax) infection, and also to study the recurrence rate among patients with ...

Safety and Efficacy of Different Regimens of Primaquine on Vivax Malaria Treatment in G6PD Deficient Patients

A clinical study to assess the safety and efficacy of alternative regimens of primaquine for radical cure of vivax malaria in glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient. G6PD defic...

A Trial on Supervised Primaquine Use in Ethiopia

This is a randomized, controlled, open label trial to assess the effectiveness of unsupervised versus supervised primaquine treatment in patients with uncomplicated malaria. In co-endemic ...

Efficacy of 3 Regimens of Chloroquine and Primaquine for Treatment of P. Vivax Malaria, Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre, Brazil

We plan to assess the efficacy of 3 different regimens of chloroquine and primaquine for the treatment of P. vivax infections in Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre, Brazil. Patients will be divided in ...

Efficacy of Chloroquine (CQ) Alone Compared to Concomitant CQ and Primaquine for Plasmodium Vivax Infection

This is a randomized open-label trial to evaluate the efficacy of chloroquine (CQ) alone compared to chloroquine+primaquine (CQ+PQ) in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria caused by Plas...

PubMed Articles [435 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparative ophthalmic assessment of patients receiving tafenoquine or chloroquine/primaquine in a randomized clinical trial for Plasmodium vivax malaria radical cure.

Ophthalmic safety observations are reported from a clinical trial comparing tafenoquine (TQ) efficacy and safety versus sequential chloroquine (CQ)/primaquine (PQ) for acute Plasmodium vivax malaria.

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in Ethiopia: absence of common African and Mediterranean allelic variants in a nationwide study.

Building on the declining trend of malaria in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health aims to eliminate malaria by 2030. As Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are co-endemic in Ethiopia, the ...

Prevalence of G6PD deficiency and associated haematological parameters in children from Botswana.

Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is commonly seen in malaria endemic areas as it is known to confer a selective advantage against malaria. Recently, we reported a high proportion of...

Susceptibility to Plasmodium vivax malaria associated with DARC (Duffy antigen) polymorphisms is influenced by the time of exposure to malaria.

Malaria has provided a major selective pressure and has modulated the genetic diversity of the human genome. The variants of the Duffy Antigen/Receptor for Chemokines (DARC) gene have probably been se...

Tafenoquine for travelers' malaria: evidence, rationale and recommendations.

Endemic malaria occurring across much of the globe threatens millions of exposed travelers. While unknown numbers of them suffer acute attacks while traveling, each year thousands return from travel a...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.

Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.

A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.

An aminoquinoline that is given by mouth to produce a radical cure and prevent relapse of vivax and ovale malarias following treatment with a blood schizontocide. It has also been used to prevent transmission of falciparum malaria by those returning to areas where there is a potential for re-introduction of malaria. Adverse effects include anemias and GI disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopeia, 30th ed, p404)

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

More From BioPortfolio on "Incidence of Vivax Along the Thai Burma Border"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topic

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...


Searches Linking to this Trial