Effectiveness of Physiotherapy Interventions for Patients With Parkinson's Disease

2014-08-27 03:15:36 | BioPortfolio


Parkinson's Disease is an incurable and progressive disease. Treatment includes medication and non-pharmacological intervention such as physiotherapy. Physiotherapy is a main component of non-pharmacological interventions. It includes exercise to strengthen the muscles; improves balance and walking, and adopts the use of visual cue training. Treatment has been found to be effective in patients with mild impairment up to 6 months post-treatment. The present study will investigate the effectiveness of treatment for patients with mild to moderate impairment for short term (3-month) and long term (1 year). The hypothesis is that compared to patient education alone, physiotherapy intervention for patients with Parkinson's disease leads to improve function and quality of life.


Parkinson's disease (PD) is an incurable and progressive disease (Rubenis 2007). Current management include medical, neuro-surgical and non-pharmacological intervention. Physiotherapy is a major component in non-pharmacological interventions. Effective interventions including visual or auditory cues improves gait (Nieuwboer et al. 2007), exercise is effective in improving balance (Hirsch et al 2003); intense treadmill training improves motor control, quality of life and walking speed so as to sustain improvement in gait speed and motor control post 4 weeks of treatment (Herman et al 2007). Patient with PD attending physiotherapy twice weekly, one and half hour for 12 weeks showed improvement in walking speed and Activities of Daily Living (Ellis et al 2005). However, the majority of focus on patients in the Hoehn and Yahr stage of 2 to 3 and long term effect is lacking (Kwakkel et al 2007). A knowledge gap is present in the effectiveness of physiotherapy training of patients with Parkinson's disease in the more advanced stage of disease and long term effect is lacking. The aim of the study is to investigate the immediate, short-term & long-term clinical effects of physiotherapy training of patients with Parkinson's disease. The hypothesis is that compared to patient education alone, physiotherapy intervention for patients with Parkinson's disease leads to improve function and quality of life.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Parkinson Disease


Physiotherapy Interventions, Education Classes


Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Hong Kong




Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.

A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)

A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.

Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)

Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)

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