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The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of a disease management programme (DMP) for very old patients with HF and significant co-morbidity.
METHODS: A multicenter randomized trial will be conducted with 700 patients with HF, aged over 75 years, admitted to the acute-care units of the Geriatrics Departments in 8 hospitals. Patients will be randomly allocated to a DMP or to conventional usual-care. Randomization will be stratified by hospital and performed with concealment of the allocation list.
The DMP will be conducted by a case manager, and will include three main components:
1. patient education to improve disease' knowledge and self-care
2. monitoring of clinical status
3. therapeutic adherence. Main statistical analyses will be performed according to the intention-to-treat principle, and will use Cox regression models to examine the association of a DMP with hospital readmission, quality-of-life, and mortality over 12 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Disease management program, Usual care
Hospital de Meixoeiro
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:36-0400
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Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
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