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Pharmacokinetics Study of Colchicine in Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) Patients

2014-08-27 03:15:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Colchicine is widely recognized as safe and effective treatment of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) in children and adults. Colchicine is currently used to treat FMF in younger patients by inexact dosing through breaking or crushing adult-dose tablets. An age-appropriate sprinkle formulation will allow for more accurate dosing in pediatric patients. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the steady-state pharmacokinetics of multiple oral doses of colchicine sprinkle capsules administered to pediatric and adult FMF patients.

Secondary objectives include evaluation of the safety and tolerability of this regimen in pediatric and adult FMF patients and measurement of the levels of acute phase reactants (i.e, serum amyloid A [SAA], erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], C-reactive protein [CRP]) at baseline and after dosing.

Description

FMF patients who have not been taking colchicine (colchicine-naïve patients) will be enrolled into a 1 week dose-titration period (Days -7 to -1). Beginning on Day -7, a pre-dose blood sample will be collected from the colchicine-naïve patient population for determination of pharmacodynamic markers. Patients will then be administered a low starting dose of colchicine (as determined by the principal investigator) titrated up to the study colchicine dose which is 0.6 mg (2 capsules) in children ≥2 to < 6 years old, 0.9 mg (3 capsules) in children ≥6 to < 12, 1.2 mg (4 capsules) in children ≥12 to < 16 and adults ≥16 and < 65. On Day 2, patients will return to the clinic for collection of a pre-dose blood sample followed by administration of the study dose of colchicine. On Days 3-7, patients (parent/guardian) will self-medicate with the study dose of colchicine recording the time of dosing and any adverse events. On Days 8-14, patients (parent/guardian) will self-medicate with the study dose of colchicine recording the time of dosing and any adverse events. On the morning of Day 15, patients will return to the clinic for collection of a pre-dose blood sample followed by administration of the study dose of colchicine. Blood samples will be collected post-dose at times sufficient to adequately define the pharmacokinetics of colchicine and its metabolites. Safety and tolerability of this dosing regimen will be determined by evaluation of vital signs and adverse events during the study and upon completion of the study. All adverse events will be evaluated by the investigator and reported in the subject's case report form.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Familial Mediterranean Fever

Intervention

colchicine sprinkle capsules, colchicine sprinkle capsules

Location

Genetics of national Academy of Sciences of Armenia
Yerevan
Armenia
375010

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An envelope of loose gel surrounding a bacterial cell which is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. Some capsules have a well-defined border, whereas others form a slime layer that trails off into the medium. Most capsules consist of relatively simple polysaccharides but there are some bacteria whose capsules are made of polypeptides.

A major alkaloid from Colchicum autumnale L. and found also in other Colchicum species. Its primary therapeutic use is in the treatment of gout, but it has been used also in the therapy of familial Mediterranean fever (PERIODIC DISEASE).

Three, alpha, beta, and gamma isomers of ultraviolet degradation products of colchicine that lack many of the physiological actions of the parent; used as experimental control for colchicine actions.

Hard or soft soluble containers used for the oral administration of medicine.

A microtubule subunit protein found in large quantities in mammalian brain. It has also been isolated from SPERM FLAGELLUM; CILIA; and other sources. Structurally, the protein is a dimer with a molecular weight of approximately 120,000 and a sedimentation coefficient of 5.8S. It binds to COLCHICINE; VINCRISTINE; and VINBLASTINE.

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