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Study of Tamoxifen Dose Escalation in Breast Cancer Patients With CYP2D6 Polymorphisms

2014-07-24 14:07:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Tamoxifen is an important drug for the treatment of breast cancer. Used adjuvantly after operation in early breast cancer, tamoxifen reduces annual recurrence rate by half and cancer death by one third. Used preventatively it also reduces the risk of breast cancer by 50% in women at high risk for developing the disease Tamoxifen needs to be activated in the body to an active form called endoxifen, mainly by the enzyme called CYP2D6. Patients have variable capability to activate tamoxifen due to variable function of this enzyme. Studies showed clear correlation of specific genetic variant of CYP2D6 with endoxifen blood levels. It is estimated that up to 25% Caucasian population have reduced or even absent CYP2D6 function. More recently, there were studies that showed the correlation with genetic variant of CYP2D6 and breast cancer relapse in early breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen. Food and Drug Authority (FDA) in America and recommended checking CYP2D6 genotype in patients receiving tamoxifen treatment, but they did not specify how to interpret the genotype results and what kind actions to take in patient with adverse genotype. The aim of the investigators study is to see if increasing tamoxifen in patients with genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 will increase endoxifen level to the same range of most patients who have wild type (normal functional)CYP2D6.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

Tamoxifen

Location

Blacktown Hospital
Blacktown
New South Wales
Australia
2148

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Sydney West Area Health Service

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:07:22-0400

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