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Uraemic pruritus (UP) remains a frequent and distressing problem in patients with advanced or end-stage renal disease. Its intensity ranges from sporadic discomfort to complete restlessness during both the day- and night-time and its distribution varies significantly over time. Many attempts have been made to relieve this bothersome symptom in affected patients, however with generally limited success. Incidence of UP varies widely between studies and seems to decline over the last 30 years (from 85% in the 1970s and 50-60% in the 1980s to a 22% in the 2000s) (Gunal AI).
We use Pregabalin for the relief of diabetic neuropathic pain in patients on haemodialysis in our centre. In addition to neuropathic pain, several of our patients have complained of pruritus and after Pregabalin treatment, their pruritus has promptly and completely resolved. Accordingly, we intend to conduct a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial to assess the effectiveness of Pregabalin in chronic UP.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Shaare Zedek Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
Shaare Zedek Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:43-0400
Uremic pruritus remains one of the most frustrating and potentially disabling symptoms in patients with end stage renal disease. It affect up to 90 percent of patients with end stage renal...
This is a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-arm, multi-center, Phase 2, proof-of-concept efficacy and safety study in patients with end-stage renal disease requiring h...
The primary objectives of the study to evaluate the effects of two doses of nalbuphine HCl ER tablets on the change from baseline in the worst itch Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) in hemodial...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and dose response of SK-1405 for the treatment of subjects with uremic pruritus receiving hemodialysis, during 2 weeks of trea...
Background: Uremic pruritus is one of the common complications in long-term dialysis patients. In general, many factors including xerosis, elevated serum calcium, phosphate, calcium-phosph...
Pruritus is a distressing hallmark of the uremic condition, affecting approximately 60% of hemodialysis patients. Abnormal endogenous opioid ligand activity at μ and κ-opioid receptors has been post...
Sickle cell disease (SCD) pain may have a neuropathic component. Adjuvant drugs used to treat neuropathic pain have not been studied for the treatment of adults with SCD. To determine the safety and f...
Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor. This post-hoc analysis aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Itch Severity Item (ISI), a numeric rating scale from 0 (no itching) to 10...
The substance P/neurokinin 1 receptor (NKR) pathway is critical in chronic pruritus; anecdotal evidence suggests antagonism of this pathway can reduce chronic itch.
An hereditary hemolytic uremic syndrome associated with variations in the gene that encodes COMPLEMENT FACTOR H, or the related proteins CFHR1 and CFHR3. Disease often progresses to CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE without the prodromal symptoms of ENTEROCOLITIS and DIARRHEA that characterize typical hemolytic uremic syndrome.
A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.
A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative that functions as a CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER and is used as an ANTICONVULSANT as well as an ANTI-ANXIETY AGENT. It is also used as an ANALGESIC in the treatment of NEUROPATHIC PAIN and FIBROMYALGIA.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...