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There is substantial clinical evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of currently practiced bariatric surgical techniques to improve metabolic control and/or resolve type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in clinically severe obese patients (class 3 obesity). Evidence suggests such procedures have greater effects on insulin secretion and insulin action than that expected from weight loss alone, which has led to the recent claim that such procedures may be useful as a primary treatment for T2DM in the moderately obese population. Concurrently, there have also been substantial advances in the non-surgical medical management of T2DM. As a result, the best treatment algorithm for T2DM patients with class 1 & 2 obesity is increasingly controversial. This trial investigates the utility of currently practiced and available bariatric surgical procedures as compared with multidisciplinary intensive medical and weight management for the treatment of T2DM with class 1 and 2 obesity.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band, Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (Surgery), Intensive Medical Diabetes & Weight Management, Allergan Adjustable Gastric Band
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Joslin Diabetes Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:43-0400
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This study try to identify differences in length of operation, weight loss and complications, between two different bariatric surgical techniques, the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...
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This research study will investigate the safety and effectiveness of weight loss surgery for overweight persons with type 2 diabetes. Eligible patients will be randomly assigned to one of...
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Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
Vagal denervation of that part of the STOMACH lined with acid-secreting mucosa (GASTRIC MUCOSA) containing the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Since the procedure leaves the vagal branches to the antrum and PYLORUS intact, it circumvents gastric drainage required with truncal vagotomy techniques.
Rounded or pyramidal cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS. They secrete HYDROCHLORIC ACID and produce gastric intrinsic factor, a glycoprotein that binds VITAMIN B12.
A synthetic methylprostaglandin E1 analog that reduces gastric acid secretion and enhances the gastric mucus-bicarbonate barrier. It is effective in the therapy of gastric ulcers and gives significant protection against NSAID-induced gastric mucosal damage. The drug also prevents cyclosporin A-induced damage to endocrine and exocrine pancreatic secretions. It shows a low order of acute toxicity and there is no evidence of embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity, teratogenicity, or mutagenicity in animal studies.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...