Auto-immunity in Lupus Patients After Influenza Vaccine

2014-08-27 03:15:44 | BioPortfolio


Annual influenza vaccination is recommended in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However some concerns remain about vaccination and the risk of lupus flare


SLE is a chronic autoimmune disease associated with the production of pathogenic anti-nuclear autoantibodies (ANAs) and characterized by the loss of self tolerance and the overexpression of B cells, leading to a high immunoglobulin production, 90% being autoantibodies.

There have been concerns about the safety of vaccination in patients with autoimmune diseases as it has been hypothesised that stimulation of the immune system via vaccination may lead to an increase in disease activity. Furthermore, SLE patients display a variety of immune dysfunctions which may influence their response to influenza vaccination.

Studies indicate that, although influenza vaccination in SLE may generate autoimmune phenomena, no clinically significant increase in SLE disease activity can be expected. Therefore, influenza vaccination can be considered safe in quiescent SLE, in accordance with previous reviews on this subject

The aim of this study is to evaluate if the level of CXCR4 on leucocytes of patients with SLE could be a good prognostic marker for the efficacy and the safety of influenza vaccine in SLE patients. For that purpose, we will assay in lupus patients the cellular level of CXCR4 before and after administration of influenza vaccine and correlate the expression levels of CXCR4 with: 1) the evolution of clinical and biological signs of autoimmunity and 2) the humoral immune response towards influenza. If influenza vaccine has not been associated so far with increased risk of lupus flare, it is important to determine if patients with elevated leucocytes levels of CXCR4, (due to the impact of this molecule in humoral immunity), are more at risk of vaccine side effects particularly of autoimmune origin.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)




CIC Vaccinologie Hopital Cochin




Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:44-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of lupus erythematosus in which the skin may be the only organ involved or in which skin involvement precedes the spread into other body systems. It has been classified into three forms - acute (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC with skin lesions), subacute, and chronic (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, DISCOID).

A chronic form of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, CUTANEOUS) in which the skin lesions mimic those of the systemic form but in which systemic signs are rare. It is characterized by the presence of discoid skin plaques showing varying degrees of edema, erythema, scaliness, follicular plugging, and skin atrophy. Lesions are surrounded by an elevated erythematous border. The condition typically involves the face and scalp, but widespread dissemination may occur.

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Autoantibodies directed against phospholipids. These antibodies are characteristically found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; related autoimmune diseases, some non-autoimmune diseases, and also in healthy individuals.

An antiphospholipid antibody found in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; and in a variety of other diseases as well as in healthy individuals. In vitro, the antibody interferes with the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin and prolongs the partial thromboplastin time. In vivo, it exerts a procoagulant effect resulting in thrombosis mainly in the larger veins and arteries. It further causes obstetrical complications, including fetal death and spontaneous abortion, as well as a variety of hematologic and neurologic complications.

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