Advertisement

Topics

The Effect After 12 Weeks of Having Received a Pedometer and a Pedometer Program on Physical Activity and Health

2014-08-27 03:15:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of several chronic diseases in addition to all-cause mortality. Hence for public health purposes, knowledge of effective interventions to increase the physical activity level in the population is important.

The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effect 12 weeks after having received a pedometer and a pedometer program on physical activity, health measurements, self-rated health, stress, and sleep quality.

A total of 223 men and 445 women were randomly assigned to either a pedometer group (n = 333) in which participants received a pedometer and pedometer program or a control group (n = 335). Of the participants included in the study 198 and 178 completed the health examination, and 192 and 187 completed the questionnaire at follow up in the pedometer group and in the control group, respectively.

Description

The results from the KRAM Study are used as baseline for this intervention. In the KRAM study all adult citizens (18+ years) in 13 Danish municipalities were invited by letter to take part in an internet based questionnaire concerning socio-demography, life style, and other health aspects. Furthermore, a random sample of the citizens was invited to participate in a health examination. A total of 76.484 of the invited 538.497 citizens filled in the entire or partially the questionnaire and 18.065 of the invited 180.103 citizens completed the health examination. The examination included the following measurements: Blood pressure, height, weight, fat percentage, blood samples, pulmonary function, bone mineral density, muscle strength, balance test, and aerobic fitness.

Intervention The intervention was carried out in three of the 13 municipalities (Silkeborg, Frederiksberg, and Varde). Participants with a low aerobic fitness (defined for men and women in different age groups) or those who reported being sedentary or light physically active in leisure time were - after they had accomplished the health examination - invited to participate in the intervention. Participants were not included if they participated in other interventions initiated in relation with the KRAM Study or if they were pregnant. All participants gave informed consent. The protocol was approved by the Scientific Ethical Committee B for the Capital Region of Denmark (H-B-2008-097).

The participants were randomly assigned to either a pedometer group or a control group by drawing a sealed envelope with a unique randomizing number. The participants in the pedometer group received a pedometer (Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200), a book with a pedometer program, a handout with a summary of the pedometer program, and a calendar for registration of daily steps. The aim of the program is to guide people to use a pedometer and increase their steps with 20 % each week until they reach their goal. During the trial period, they were asked to reset the pedometer every morning and to wear it during the entire day. In the evening, they should take the pedometer off and register the total number of steps in the calendar. After three, six, and nine weeks, the participants in the pedometer group got a mail to encourage them to keep using the pedometer and follow the program. Participants assigned to the control group received a leaflet from the National Board of Health in Denmark recommending all adults to be physical active for 30 minutes each day of moderate intensity.

Follow up After 12 weeks, participants were invited by letter to answer a short questionnaire. Furthermore, they were invited to participate in a health examination including the measurements of blood pressure, weight, fat percentage, and aerobic fitness. The researchers who performed the examinations were blinded to group assignment.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Physical Inactivity

Intervention

Pedometer-based intervention

Location

The municipiality of Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg
Denmark

Status

Completed

Source

University of Southern Denmark

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:48-0400

Clinical Trials [2407 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Pedometer-based Intervention With and Without Email Counselling in General Practice

A two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial comparing pedometer-based intervention with and without email counselling in a primary care setting. Physically inactive patients from four g...

Increasing Risk Perception of Physical Activity Using Patient-targeted Feedback: Randomized Controlled Trial.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a minimal intervention on risk perception of physical inactivity in patients with known coronary heart disease (CHD) and patients at ...

Factors Associated With Physical Inactivity Among Adolescents

Despite the acknowledgment that physical activity is important for health, there are still few population-based or school-based studies that uses the current physical activity guidelines f...

Increasing Physical Activity Through a Motivational Online Intervention Using Pedometers in Sedentary Students

The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of a motivational online intervention (MOI) using pedometers to increase physical activity in a sample of sedentary students. It will be comp...

Controlled Outcome Evaluations of a Daily Physical Activity Intervention for Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes

The intervention consists of an individual counseling session, telephone counseling (7 calls), given by a psychologist, and a pedometer. The intervention is based on cognitive behavioral t...

PubMed Articles [21816 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association of physical inactivity with obesity, diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome in the chilean population.

Physical inactivity is an important cardiovascular risk factor.

Moderating healthcare costs through an assisted physical activity programme.

During the last decades, physical inactivity has become increasingly important due to its effects on health; in the medical field, it has been highlighted that physical inactivity is one of the leadin...

Prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among older adults in Malaysia: Findings from the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015.

Malaysia has an increasingly aging population. Despite the substantial benefits of physical activity for healthy aging, older adults are considered the most physically inactive segment of the Malaysia...

Sit-Stand Desk Software Can Now Monitor and Prompt Office Workers to Change Health Behaviors.

To determine the effectiveness of a computer-based intervention designed to increase sit-stand desk usage and help reverse workplace physical inactivity.

How fitting is F.I.T.T.?: A perspective on a transition from the sole use of frequency, intensity, time, and type in exercise prescription.

The prevalence of physical inactivity continues to rise despite there being sufficient evidence to indicate the appropriate dosage of exercise to mitigate risk for many non-communicable diseases. This...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Process of formulating a diagnosis based on medical history and physical or mental examinations, and/or choosing an appropriate intervention.

Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

Violence based on gender that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. (From www.who.int/topics/gender_based_violence/en/)

A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.

More From BioPortfolio on "The Effect After 12 Weeks of Having Received a Pedometer and a Pedometer Program on Physical Activity and Health"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Stress
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...


Searches Linking to this Trial