Onset of Labor and Metabolomics (GEM-2)

2014-07-23 21:10:14 | BioPortfolio


Premature birth is a public health problem and its incidence has recently increased in all developed countries. In Canada, it represented 6.4% of births in 1981 and 7.6% in 2000. In the last decade, the survival rate of premature infants has increased considerably, but neurological vulnerability has not changed. Premature births are the cause of approximately 28% of neonatal mortality in the world and is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in developed countries.

Approximately 75-80% of preterm births are spontaneous preterm birth. This type of premature birth included the preterm labor and premature rupture of membranes before term. The contractile activity represents one of the fundamental properties of the uterus during pregnancy and childbirth. The abnormalities associated with uterine contractions are the cause of pathological conditions with important consequences for the mother and fetus.

Metabolomics involves a new technology to investigate small molecules that characterize biochemical pathways of interest. The change in concentration levels of these molecules in various biological samples such as urine and blood in the presence of a disease or a patient can be particularly useful for identifying new biomarkers.

The hypothesis of this study is that gestational metabolomes detected in maternal fluids differ according to pathological situations and lead to the initiation of spontaneous labor. The whole research program has two complementary objectives in order to expect a decrease of prematurity: a) better understanding of all the physiological mechanisms leading to prematurity and b) better identification of patients at high risk for a better management of these women.


Metabolomics involves a new technology using the methods of separation and detection complex to investigate a set of small molecules that characterize biochemical pathways of interest. The change in concentration levels of these molecules in various biological samples such as urine and blood in the presence of a disease or a patient can detect metabolic fingerprints that can be particularly useful for identifying new biomarkers. These will thereafter be quantified and validated by metabolic profiling. To our knowledge, there are few studies on metabolomics and pregnancy.


The studied population will be pregnant women between 20-30 weeks of gestation without any obstetrical complications.

Vaginal secretions, blood and urine samples will be taken:

- After inclusion in the project

- At hospital admission for delivery

- During labor

Blood and urine sample will also be taken:

- 48 hours after delivery

- 6-8 weeks after delivery

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective




Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Sherbrooke
J1H 5N4




Universitaire de Sherbrooke

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:14-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)

The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.

Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.

Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.

MULTIPLE PREGNANCY with EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occuring at different locations, involving both an intrauterine site and an extrauterine (ECTOPIC PREGNANCY) site.

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