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The goal of this study is to learn if the study drug RAD001 can reduced the number of epileptic seizures, and can be taken safety by people who have epilepsy associated with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex.
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder with an incidence at birth of 1 in 6000. This disorder is characterized by the development of benign tumors in multiple organ systems, including the brain. The primary neurological manifestations of TSC are epilepsy, mental retardation and autism. Epilepsy is most common, occurring in 80-90% of patients, and often the seizures are severe, unremitting, and uncontrolled by current anticonvulsant medications. It is generally accepted that the seizures arise from cortical and subcortical tubers and surrounding tissue in the brain. These tubers are caused by mutations in the tumor suppressor genes TSC1 or TSC2. The protein products of these genes, hamartin and tuberin, act as negative regulators of the PI3K/PKB(Akt)/mTOR signaling pathway that regulates cell growth and proliferation Everolimus is an immunosuppressant drug that also inhibits mTOR signaling and is capable of reversing aberrant mTOR-dependent effects that occur when hamartin or tuberin are absent or defective. Thus, we hypothesize that drugs like everolimus may be therapeutically useful for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in patients with TSC.
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:50-0400
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Epilepsy occurs in 70-90% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of adjunctive everolimus for treatment-refractory seizures associated with tuberous sc...
A disorder characterized by the onset of myoclonus in adolescence, a marked increase in the incidence of absence seizures (see EPILEPSY, ABSENCE), and generalized major motor seizures (see EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). The myoclonic episodes tend to occur shortly after awakening. Seizures tend to be aggravated by sleep deprivation and alcohol consumption. Hereditary and sporadic forms have been identified. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p323)
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
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An autosomal dominant inherited partial epilepsy syndrome with onset between age 3 and 13 years. Seizures are characterized by PARESTHESIA and tonic or clonic activity of the lower face associated with drooling and dysarthria. In most cases, affected children are neurologically and developmentally normal. (From Epilepsia 1998 39;Suppl 4:S32-S41)
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