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One obvious property difference between energy-yielding beverages and solid foods is the oral mechanical processing required to prepare the two food forms for swallowing. Considerable human data are consistent with a contribution of mechanical stimulation to appetite suppression. However, no study has isolated this property and assessed its influence on ingestive behavior in humans. This is the aim of the present study. The null hypothesis is that food rheology will have no effect on these indices. The alternate hypothesis is that increased mechanical stimulation will result in stronger satiation/satiety and reduced energy intake. Further, it is hypothesized that the effects of mastication will be less evident in obese compared to lean individuals.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
The Null Hypothesis is That Food Rheology Will Have no Effect on These Indices.
soft gum, firm gum, no gum
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National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:50-0400
The study is designed as a prospective, multicenter, single-blind, randomized study to assess the safety and effectiveness of FIRM-guided RF ablation procedures for the treatment of sympto...
A number of studies for clinical pathway (CP) after hip fracture have been suggested to improve post-fracture outcome. However, CP is not carried out properly in most countries due to inad...
The aim of this study is to see if the investigators can encourage people to eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains and drink less pop by giving them advice about their diet, or by p...
Patients undergoing FIRM guided ablation of atrial fibrillation will undergo high resolution MRI imaging to determine correlation of underlying anatomic fibrotic regions with FIRM targeted...
A prospective, multicenter, randomized study to assess the safety and effectiveness of FIRM-guided procedures in conventional "redo" RF ablation procedures for the treatment of persistent ...
This article explores whether the null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) framework provides a sufficient basis for the evaluation of statistical model assumptions. It is argued that while NHST-ba...
Simon's two-stage design is one of the most commonly used methods in phase II clinical trials with binary endpoints. The design tests the null hypothesis that the response rate is less than an uninter...
We derive a stochastic function of risk propagation empirically from comprehensive data of chain-reaction bankruptcy events in Japan from 2006 to 2015 over 5,000 pairs of firms. The probability is for...
The complex rotational and translational Brownian motion of anisotropic particles depends on their shape and the viscoelasticity of their surroundings. Because of their strong optical scattering and c...
When a single gene influences more than one trait, known as pleiotropy, it is important to detect pleiotropy to improve the biological understanding of a gene. This can lead to improved screening, dia...
A genus of CYANOBACTERIA consisting of trichomes that are untapered with conspicuous constrictions at cross-walls. A firm individual sheath is absent, but a soft covering is often present. Many species are known worldwide as major components of freshwater PLANKTON and also of many saline lakes. The species ANABAENA FLOS-AQUAE is responsible for acute poisonings of various animals.
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
A class of lymphocytes characterized by the lack of surface markers specific for either T or B lymphocytes.
Exposure of FOOD to radioactive substances, distinguishable from FOOD IRRADIATION, a food preservation technique.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the fortified food. The supplementation of cereals with iron and vitamins is an example of fortified food. Fortified food includes also enriched food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those essential nutrients removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...