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Effects of Gum Chewing on Appetite and Digestion

2014-08-27 03:15:50 | BioPortfolio

Summary

One obvious property difference between energy-yielding beverages and solid foods is the oral mechanical processing required to prepare the two food forms for swallowing. Considerable human data are consistent with a contribution of mechanical stimulation to appetite suppression. However, no study has isolated this property and assessed its influence on ingestive behavior in humans. This is the aim of the present study. The null hypothesis is that food rheology will have no effect on these indices. The alternate hypothesis is that increased mechanical stimulation will result in stronger satiation/satiety and reduced energy intake. Further, it is hypothesized that the effects of mastication will be less evident in obese compared to lean individuals.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

The Null Hypothesis is That Food Rheology Will Have no Effect on These Indices.

Intervention

soft gum, firm gum, no gum

Location

Purdue University
West Lafayette
Indiana
United States
17907

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:50-0400

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