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According to the WHO, major depressive disorder is the second largest healthcare problem worldwide in terms of disability caused by illness. It afflicts an estimated 17% of individuals during their lifetimes at tremendous costs. A number of depressive patients are treated with antidepressant medication. The efficacy of antidepressant medication has been studied in a number of systematic reviews, and in recent years some of these reviews have shown that the efficacy is questionable for many patients. So are there other effective treatments for this serious illness?
Cognitive- and psychodynamic therapies are probably both significantly more effective for depression than no treatment, but only limited comparisons have been made between the two interventions. A Cochrane review shows that cognitive therapy has a preventive effect against recurrent depression, and that this effect may surpass the preventive effect of antidepressant medication. Mindfulness training may be an effective technique in preventing relapse in patients who have had at least 3 previous depressive episodes. But efficacy in treating currently depressed patients has not been studied.
Objective To perform a randomised clinical trial with blinded assessment of efficacy variables in order to study the effects of mindfulness based behavioral therapy (cognitive therapy and mindfulness) versus psychodynamic therapy in depressive patients.
A randomised clinical trial of 84 consecutive patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder, referred to the day clinic, Roskilde psychiatric services. The patients will be randomised to one of two interventions:
1. MIBT (mindfulness-based behavioural therapy)
2. PT (psychodynamic therapy)
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Major Depressive Disorder
Mindfulness-based Behavioural Therapy (MIBT), PT (psychodynamic therapy)
The day clinic for treatment of non-psychotic disorders (Roskilde Psychiatry)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:26-0400
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