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Specific Aim: To investigate whether Vitamin D supplementation in obesity improves the vascular sensitivity to angiotensin II.
Vitamin D deficiency and obesity are international epidemics that have both been associated with increased activity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Because increased RAS activity is associated with cardiovascular disease, interventions to lower RAS will have favorable public health impacts.
This study aims to evaluate whether the supplementation of Vitamin D in obese subjects will lower local tissue RAS activity. RAS activity will be evaluated by cross-sectional measurement of RAS components and by quantifying the vascular response to an infusion of angiotensin II. Subjects will be studied while Vitamin D deficient, and will return for repeat study following Vitamin D supplementation, for comparison.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Vitamin D (ergocalciferol)
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:55-0400
Vitamin D is available in two forms, vitamin D2 and vitamin D3. It has previously been assumed that these two forms maintain blood vitamin D equally. However, this may not be the case. ...
The purpose of this study is to determine how vitamin D supplementation (ergocalciferol) affects the immune response to mycobacterial infection.
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A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
OXIDOREDUCTASES which mediate vitamin K metabolism by converting inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.
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