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Effect of Exercise on Endothelial Function and Vascular Compliance in Chronic Kidney Disease

2014-08-27 03:15:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study hypothesis is that 6 weeks of repetitive handgrip exercise will improve endothelial function and venous compliance in pre-dialysis patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than or equal to 20 ml/min. If proven correct then arm exercise might be useful to improve the success rate for a surgically created arteriovenous fistula in the forearm to become usable as a vascular access for hemodialysis.

Description

An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the optimal vascular access for chronic hemodialysis. However, AVFs frequently fail to mature. Better strategies are needed to promote AVF maturation. Successful AVF maturation involves arterial and venous dilation. Arterial dilation depends on endothelial release of nitric oxide which can be measured by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and has been reported to predict successful AVF maturation. Venous dilation depends on venous compliance which can be measured by venous plethysmography and is also predictive of successful AVF maturation. Endothelial function is impaired in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Aerobic exercise has been reported to improve endothelial function and venous compliance but it has not been studied in the pre-dialysis patient. To address this question we will determine whether 6 weeks of repetitive handgrip exercise with upper arm venous compression can improve brachial artery endothelial function or venous compliance in pre-dialysis patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than or equal to 20 ml/min.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Kidney Failure, Chronic

Intervention

Repetitive arm exercise

Location

University of Iowa General Clinical Research Center
Iowa City
Iowa
United States
52242

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of Iowa

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:55-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.

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