Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This project will examine the effectiveness of a primary care based intervention to help overweight teen girls adopt healthy lifestyle practices. Participants are adolescent females at select Kaiser Permanente Northwest primary care clinics with a body mass index above the 90th percentile. Teens will be randomly assigned to (1) a behavioral weight control program (enriched intervention), (or 2) usual-care (control). Primary care providers of teens in the intervention condition are given customized plans describing the teen's eating and physical activity habits and instructions on how to best work with these teens and their families. The behavioral weight control program is specifically tailored for teen girls and includes separate group meetings for teens and parents, follow-up telephone contacts with their group leader, and coordinated feedback from the teen's primary care provider.
Obesity is currently a major US public health problem, given its prevalence and adverse health consequences. In the past two decades, the percentage of overweight adolescents has almost tripled from 5 to 14%. Clinic-based weight control treatments for youth have demonstrated some success, but most have been designed for pre-adolescent children and their families. Even though considerable research explores adult-weight control and a growing body of research examines childhood obesity, treatments for adolescents have not been adequately studied. Also, almost all empirically tested interventions for youth have been based in academic research clinics rather than in primary care medical settings, where weight problems are most often identified and may be most efficiently treated. Placing adolescent weight-related interventions in primary medical care settings could make them both more easily disseminated and more cost-effective. Finally, treating obesity in a primary care (non-school) setting may be particularly effective/appropriate for teen girls for two reasons. First, overweight girls are at higher risk than normal-weight peers for engaging in unhealthy weight-control behaviors. Second, researchers speculate that teen girls' self-consciousness in mixed-gender physical education (PE) classes may contribute to their lower enrollment rates enrollment in PE classes and overall decline in physical activity in recent years. If so, targeting physical activity in a primary-care-based program may be more successful than in school-based programs.
We propose to examine the clinical effectiveness and incremental cost-effectiveness of a primary care-based multi-component lifestyle intervention for overweight adolescent females and their families. This multi-component intervention will be tailored for gender and developmental stage, and will include a behaviorally-based intervention for teens and parents as well as coordinated feedback and counseling from the adolescent's pediatric primary care provider (PCP). We will compare the primary care-based intervention to a usual-care control condition in which adolescents and their family receive information about weight loss and guidelines for achieving and maintaining a healthy lifestyle along with the encouragement to utilize any appropriate health care services.
The principal aim of the study is to determine the clinical effectiveness of a primary care-based, multi-component lifestyle intervention for overweight (≥ 90th percentile) adolescent females and their families. H1: We hypothesize that the treatment group will have a greater decrease in BMI z-score from baseline to 12 months than the control youth.
In addition, we include the following secondary aims that are exploratory and intended to be hypothesis-generating rather than hypothesis-testing activities:
Determine if dietary intake (total energy intake, % calories from fat, etc.) and/or physical activity mediate the effect of the intervention on BMI z score. H2: Change in dietary intake and physical activity from baseline to 6 months will mediate the relationship between the intervention and change in BMI z score from baseline to 12 months.
Determine the impact of the experimental intervention for overweight adolescents and their families on the secondary outcomes including other physiological parameters (triglycerides, cholesterol, fasting insulin), quality of life, and psychosocial functioning; participant safety (depression and disordered eating behaviors); and feasibility/acceptability of the intervention (e.g., participant and provider satisfaction) in preparation for future Phase III trials.
Determine the incremental cost-effectiveness of the intervention relative to usual care from the societal perspective. We will examine the direct cost of delivering the intervention and this treatment's impact on subsequent use and cost of health services. We also will include indirect costs to participants and their families due to their participation in the intervention and use of other health care services (e.g., time spent in travel, usual care visits, out-of session activities).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Healthy lifestyle managment
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:55-0400
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential factors that determine preschool obesity in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, and assess the effectiveness of a simple healthy lif...
This study evaluates the effect of a lifestyle intervention for women with a pregnancy wish who have a high risk on perinatal morbidity because of overweight or obesity. Half of the patien...
The human gut microbiota has become the subject of extensive research in recent years, particularly in regards to the role it plays in obesity. Although lifestyle factors, diet, and lack o...
clinical audit on the Managment of rheumatic fever in assiut university children hospital.
The primary aim of the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE) is to determine the relationship between lifestyle characteristics and obesity in a ...
Early lifestyle interventions in children with obesity decrease risk of obesity and metabolic disorders during adulthood. This study aimed to identify metabolic signatures associated with lifestyle in...
There is a plethora of misinformation regarding obesity, diet, and exercise due to lack of supporting evidence on these topics. There are myths and facts about what exactly encompasses a healthy lifes...
Obesity and abdominal obesity have been closely related to cardiovascular outcomes, and recent evidence has indicated that environmental and genetic factors act in concert in determining the risks of ...
Obesity in children and adolescents is a worldwide dramatic health problem, for which treatment is mostly unsuccessful. Therefore, prevention is the most important measure to tackle this problem. The ...
Obesity and obesity-related comorbidities have transformed into a global epidemic. The number of people suffering from obesity has increased dramatically within the past few decades. This rise in obes...
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
A pattern of behavior involving LIFE STYLE choices which ensure optimum health. Examples are eating right; maintaining physical, emotional, and spiritual wellness, and taking preemptive steps against communicable diseases.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...