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Cognitive Enhancement and Relapse Prevention in Cocaine Addiction

2014-08-27 03:15:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

For this project, the investigators are interested in exploring a new way to extend and maintain drug abstinence in people who are addicted to crack cocaine. This study will combine a medication called D-Cycloserine (DCS) and weekly cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to assess whether the combination will enhance people's ability to stay clean (drug free) for longer periods of time.

One of the greatest risks for drug relapse is drug craving. Oftentimes drug craving occurs when a person is confronted with stressors and reminders of past drug use behavior. DCS has been shown to enhance the learning of new information. By administering DCS prior to learning new techniques such as how to cope with drug craving and drug-use reminders, it is possible that patients can be more successful at living a drug free life for a longer period of time.

In addition to exploring this model behaviorally, the investigators will explore changes that may occur in the brain before and after the therapy/medication intervention. A technique called MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) will be used to identify areas of the brain that are being activated during an attention task. Areas of neural activation will be assessed at study entry, end of therapy (4-week endpoint) and one month following completion of the treatment program.

Description

Primary Hypothesis:

Enhancing glutamatergic neurotransmission with DCS facilitates CBT-related relapse prevention by potentiating the behavioral and neural representation of the diminished drug motivation associated with cocaine cues.

Specific Aims:

1. Determine if the short-term oral administration of DCS relative to placebo prior to CBT sessions facilitates cocaine abstinence and functional recovery, and reduces cocaine craving in treatment-seeking cocaine addicts.

2. Determine if DCS administration relative to placebo facilitates CBT-related decreases in the behavioral and neural response to conditioned cocaine cues.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cocaine Addiction

Intervention

Seromycin (D-cycloserine, DCS) or a placebo

Location

Psychiatric Research Institute (PRI) (Center for Addiction Research (CAR) and Brain Imaging Research Center (BIRC)) University o
Little Rock
Arkansas
United States
72205

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Arkansas

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:55-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.

SMOKING of COCAINE.

Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.

An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.

Antibiotic substance produced by Streptomyces garyphalus.

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