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The goal of this study is to determine whether administering Gabapentin prior to surgery affects duration of pain and opioid use post-surgery. We aim to compare gabapentin to placebo in a prospective, randomized clinical trial in which patients will be followed post-surgery until pain resolves and opioid use ceases.
Gabapentin was originally developed as an anti-convulsant, but was quickly recognized as a medication with significant analgesic activity in patients with neuropathic pain. More recently it has begun to be appreciated that it may have some benefits in the peri-operative period. Pre-operative Gabapentin reduces preoperative anxiety, early post-operative pain severity, post-operative opioid use and post-operative delirium (presumably through reduced opioid consumption). These same attributes are shared by medications such as NSAIDS and tylenol and the use of peri-operative gabapentin has not permeated the standard of care. Early post-operative pain severity and preoperative anxiety have been implicated in our own research as risk factors for prolonged time to pain resolution and prolonged time to opioid cessation. Since these endpoints are generally synonymous with time to recovery, interventions reducing these times would be seen not just to increase comfort but to actually speed recovery.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Stanford University School of Medicine
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:56-0400
The evidence regarding effects of pain modulator like gabapentin on postoperative pain after sleeve gastrctomy is sparse. Gabapentin has anti-hyperalgesic and postoperative opioid-sparing ...
This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of gabapentin relative to tramadol for the treatment of chronic, neuropathic or mixed pain in the paediatric population. Children from 3 months...
Gabapentin is a medicine that has been used in adults (but not yet in children) to treat pain after surgery. In children it has been used for many years to treat other conditions and has b...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a single dose of gabapentin, given before cesarean section, will reduce pain in the initial 24 hours after surgery. Gabapentin has been v...
The primary objective of this study is to develop a pharmacokinetic (PK) and a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model for gabapentin in patients with neuropathic pain. The se...
Gabapentin is an adjuvant antiepileptic agent and helps to reduce acute postoperative pain in several surgery settings. However, the effect of gabapentin on postoperative pain from suboccipital or sub...
The clinical management of neuropathic pain remains a challenge. We examined the interaction between gabapentin and NMDA receptor antagonists dextromethrophan and MK-801 in alleviating neuropathic pai...
Is gabapentin associated with pain relief in people with chronic neuropathic pain?
Gabapentin is an effective treatment for chronic neuropathic pain but may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and confusion in some older adults. The goal of this study was to assess the association between ...
Gabapentin is a first-line treatment for neuropathic pain and adjunct anticonvulsant medication in humans and other species. Gabapentin may have advantages over other analgesics because of its broad t...
A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.
Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.
Dull or sharp aching pain caused by stimulated NOCICEPTORS due to tissue injury, inflammation or diseases. It can be divided into somatic or tissue pain and VISCERAL PAIN.
Acute pain that comes on rapidly despite the use of pain medication.
Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...