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The aim of this study is to improve the humoral immune response efficiency of hemodialyzed patient by the use of PMMA membrane (BK-F) able to clear the soluble form of CD40 in a model of anti-HBV vaccination
Chronic renal failure is associated with humoral immune alterations characterized by a diminished vaccine response notably against hepatitis B virus (HBV). Defects in cellular contact between immunological cells have been hypothesized to explain this observation but the precise mechanism leading to this "immunocompromised" status is not clear. The soluble form of CD40 (sCD40) is dramatically increased in the serum of uremic patients, particularly in the hemodialyzed patients. This molecule acts like an inhibitor of the CD40/CD154 contact, which is pivotal in the establishment of a proper humoral immune response. It has been shown that the most elevated sCD40 levels are associated with a lack of response to HBV vaccination in the hemodialyzed patients. The majority of the hemodialysis membranes, including high flux polysulfone membranes are unable to clear sCD40 from the sera. However, we found that the high flux polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA) membrane (BK-F Toray Medical Company, Japan) allows for sCD40 clearing.
The aim of this study is to assess the effect of dialysis on PMMA membrane on the improvement of humoral immune response through the efficiency of HBV vaccination in hemodialysed patients who were non responders to one ore more previous vaccination and its link to sCD40 clearing.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Renal Failure
High flux polymethylmetacrylate membrane, Polysulfone membrane, Hepatitis B serological control, Seric sCD40 level
Delay Clinic, Dialyze Unit
Active, not recruiting
University Hospital, Bordeaux
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:00-0400
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An ephrin that was originally identified as the product of an early response gene induced by TUMOR NECROSIS FACTORS. It is linked to the CELL MEMBRANE via a GLYCOINOSITOL PHOSPHOLIPID MEMBRANE ANCHOR and binds EPHA2 RECEPTOR with high affinity. During embryogenesis high levels of ephrin-A1 are expressed in LUNG; KIDNEY; SALIVARY GLANDS; and INTESTINE.
A lysosomal-associated membrane glycoprotein that is expressed at high levels in mature DENDRITIC CELLS.
A member of the vesicle-associated membrane protein family involved in the MEMBRANE FUSION of TRANSPORT VESICLES to their target membrane.
An Ig domain-containing membrane receptor for HEPATITIS A VIRUS; EBOLA VIRUS; MARBURG VIRUS; and DENGUE VIRUS. It may also function to modulate ASTHMA and HYPERSENSITIVITY.
The entering of cells by viruses following VIRUS ATTACHMENT. This is achieved by ENDOCYTOSIS, by direct MEMBRANE FUSION of the viral membrane with the CELL MEMBRANE, or by translocation of the whole virus across the cell membrane.
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