Immunohistochemical Study of Human Teeth Pulp Capped With Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and Novel Endodontic Cement (NEC)

2014-08-27 03:16:00 | BioPortfolio


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the response of human dental pulp to capping with MTA and NEC by histology and immunohistochemistry, using fibronectin and tenascin as markers, following 2 weeks and 8 weeks.


Capping of the exposed pulp is indicated for reversible pulp tissue injury after physical or mechanical trauma in developing or mature teeth.The response to direct pulp capping with materials such as MTA or NEC is the formation of dentin barrier, resulting from the recruitment and proliferation of undifferentiated cells.

Different materials can be used to induce dentinal bridge formation.MTA has been introduced as a proper material to induce dentinal bridge formation,with greater mean thickness of dentinal bridge and less inflammation compared to traditional materials like calcium hydroxide. Although biocompatible, MTA has a poor handling characteristic, delay setting time, off-white color, and it is almost expensive.The Novel Endodontic Cement (NEC) has been introduced to combine reasonable characteristics of MTA with appropriate chemical properties, setting time, color, and handling characteristics.

The extracellular matrix (ECM) of pulp comprises a variety of proteins and polysaccharides, forming a neat network. The ECM components can induce either reactionary or reparative dentin formation. Fibronectin (FN) and tenascin (TNC) are the two major glycoproteins involved in wound healing and odontogenesis.

Fibronectins (FNs) are a class of high molecular weight adhesive proteins composed of two very large subunits. It has a variety of cell functions, such as adhesion, migration, growth, and differentiation. Furthermore FN may be involved in the polarization and migration of odontoblasts.

Tenascin is a large oligomeric glycoprotein of the ECM secreted by fibroblasts and glial cells in tissue cultures. It has also been identified in pulp and more prominent in dentinogenesis. TN has been shown to be important in the differentiation of odontoblasts. Therefore, it may be associated with secondary dentin formation, when pulp cells differentiate into odontoblasts in response to physiologic stimuli.

Although dentin bridge formation has been reported,using different materials such as MTA and NEC in direct pulp cap, but the exact mechanism is not well understood. Immunohistochemistry, using different markers, may be useful in developing the molecules involved in this process.

Moreover,response of dental pulp to different pulp capping materials can be studied,including mean thickness of dentinal bridge, morphology of dentinal bridge, and intensity of pulp inflammation and presence of odontoblast cells.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Direct Pulp Capping


direct pulp capping and covering the exposed pulp, direct pulp capping and covering the exposed pulp


Mashhad university of medical sciences
Iran, Islamic Republic of




Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.

A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).


Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.

The mesenchymal cells which line the DENTAL PULP CAVITY and produce DENTIN. They have a columnar morphology in the coronal pulp but are cuboidal in the root pulp, or when adjacent to tertiary dentin.

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