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This comparative study will be carried out in the hospital microbiology laboratory of a tertiary academic health center, St. Joseph's Healthcare (SJH) affiliated with McMaster University, Hamilton, ON on 500 individual stool samples from patients greater than 12 months of age to determine an efficacy of distinction between current gold standard and other methods of testing for Clostridium difficile. This study is required to find a faster test for diagnosis of CDI in order to facilitate prompt treatment and reduce the complications of CDI. Identification of infected cases will lead to the enforcement of infection control measures and thereby prevent spread to other susceptible children. This is turn will reduce costs, length of stay, morbidity, and mortality from CDI if instituted correctly.
Time Perspective: Prospective
St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:10:01-0400
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Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a Gram-positive bacillus responsible for diarrhea and colitis, mainly among hospitalized patients. It is a leading cause of nosocomial infections.
A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.
An acute inflammation of the INTESTINAL MUCOSA that is characterized by the presence of pseudomembranes or plaques in the SMALL INTESTINE (pseudomembranous enteritis) and the LARGE INTESTINE (pseudomembranous colitis). It is commonly associated with antibiotic therapy and CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE colonization.
Type species of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM, a gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae. It is used as a source of PROBIOTICS.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type C which is neurotoxic to ANIMALS, especially CATTLE, but not humans. It causes dissociation of ACTIN FILAMENTS.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...