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Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with or without decompression is a well-established surgical treatment for spine patients with the appropriate indications. Anterior approach involves some retraction that affect the midline structures of the anterior neck. Irritation and swelling may result, leading to postoperative dysphagia and the less common but critically important occurrence of postoperative airway compromise. Steroids given intraoperatively may reduce the incidence of these adverse outcomes by reducing the degree of swelling within the anterior neck subsequent to local surgical tissue trauma.
The investigators hypothesize that the use of steroids intraoperatively provides a significant benefit to the patient, in terms of reduced incidence of dysphagia and airway compromise.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Albany Medical Center
Albany Medical College
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:39-0400
The investigators hypothesize that partial robotic tongue base resection surgery and / or soft palate surgery, as a treatment for sleep apnea affect the swallowing quality.In order to char...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether stroke patients with swallowing problems will show greater swallowing improvement with intense oral exercise than subjects who perform eit...
Dysphagia after stroke is associated to increased pulmonary complications and mortality. The swallowing therapies could decrease the pulmonary complications and improve the quality of life...
Impairment in voice and swallowing functions are common after thyroidectomy. The investigators aimed to evaluate the objective functional voice and swallowing outcomes in a series of patie...
The purpose of this study is to develop appropriate training methods and gather participant feedback on their use of the Passy Muir Swallowing Self-Training Device (PMSST). The PMSST is a ...
A decrease of swallowing muscle strength causes dysphagia, and a relationship between swallowing muscle strength and appendicular muscle mass has been reported. Moreover, the effect of trunk retention...
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are the primary providers of dysphagia management; however, this role has been criticized with assertions that SLPs are inadequately trained in swallowing physiolog...
To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on swallowing and its underlying mechanism, 32 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were chose and the electrophysiology was used to detect the discharge of nucleu...
Aging rodent models allow for the discovery of underlying mechanisms of cranial muscle dysfunction. Methods are needed to allow quantification of complex, multivariate biomechanical movements during s...
Swallowing is a complex physiological function that can be studied through medical imagery techniques such as videofluoroscopy (VFS), dynamic magnetic resonance imagery (MRI) and fiberoptic endoscopic...
A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE distinguished from other genera in the family by the presence of specific derivatives of TGD-2 polar lipids. Haloarcula are found in neutral saline environments such as salt lakes, marine salterns, and saline soils.
A family of gram-negative, moderately halophilic bacteria in the order Oceanospirillales. Members of the family have been isolated from temperate and Antarctic saline lakes, solar salt facilities, saline soils, and marine environments.
Spasmodic swallowing of air.
A species of PERCIFORMES commonly used in saline aquaculture.
Water from natural sources which contain significant concentrations of dissolved salts such as sodium chloride.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...