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"Diagnostic Yield and Safety of Transbronchial Lung Biopsy Using Cryoprobes Versus Conventional Forceps.

2014-08-27 03:16:03 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) is a bronchoscopic procedure used to obtain peripheral lung tissue. Small size and artefacts cause variable, and usually poor, diagnostic yield. The use of cryoprobes may allow for larger size and better quality biopsy samples.

Objectives:To analyze the histological quality and immunohistochemical findings of samples obtained by cryoprobe compared with TBLB obtained by conventional forceps and to assess the safety and complications of TBLB with cryoprobe versus the conventional method.

Methodology:

Prospective randomized study of 80 patients. The transbronchial lung biopsy was indicated for diagnoses of a interstitial lung disease. In both procedures the videobroncoscopy used will be a Olympus 260-T.

The transbronchial lung biopsy will be carried out with conventional forceps (Boston ® Biopsy Forceps, Ref 1556 and Olympus ® FB-19E) and cryoprobe (Erbokryo AC ®). TBLB will be performed by fluoroscopy guided and the cryoprobe or forceps will place in an area of the peripheral lung previously selected according to CT findings. Lung biopsies will be processed: The samples submitted for histological analysis will be fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. Staining will perform with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome and the samples will be analyzed by a pathologist according to a protocol. The samples submitted to immunohistochemical study will be frozen (liquid nitrogen) for later transport.The specifical monoclonal antibodies will be used for immunohistochemical analysis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Interstitial Lung Disease

Intervention

Biopsy by cryoprobes, Biopsy with conventional forceps

Location

Institut de Recerca de l'Hospital de Sant Pau
Barcelona
Spain
08025

Status

Recruiting

Source

Fundació Institut de Recerca de l'Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:03-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conducting a biopsy procedure with the aid of a MEDICAL IMAGING modality.

A subtype of MICROSCOPIC COLITIS, characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. Microscopic examination of biopsy samples taken from the COLON show larger-than-normal band of subepithelial COLLAGEN.

A subtype of MICROSCOPIC COLITIS, characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. Microscopic examination of biopsy samples taken from the COLON show infiltration of LYMPHOCYTES in the superficial EPITHELIUM and the underlying connective tissue (lamina propria).

A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.

Diseases characterized by inflammation involving multiple muscles. This may occur as an acute or chronic condition associated with medication toxicity (DRUG TOXICITY); CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASES; infections; malignant NEOPLASMS; and other disorders. The term polymyositis is frequently used to refer to a specific clinical entity characterized by subacute or slowly progressing symmetrical weakness primarily affecting the proximal limb and trunk muscles. The illness may occur at any age, but is most frequent in the fourth to sixth decade of life. Weakness of pharyngeal and laryngeal muscles, interstitial lung disease, and inflammation of the myocardium may also occur. Muscle biopsy reveals widespread destruction of segments of muscle fibers and an inflammatory cellular response. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1404-9)

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