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Tranexamic Acid in Off-pump Coronary Surgery

2014-07-23 21:10:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the effects of tranexamic acid, a synthetic antifibrinolytic drug, on the postoperative bleeding and transfusion requirements in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graphing (OPCAB) surgery.

Description

Cardiac surgical procedures account for a large amount of allogeneic transfusion. Although postoperative bleeding seems to be attenuated by the avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), hemorrhagic complications are not completely eliminated and the consequent need for allogeneic transfusions are still major problems after OPCAB.

Tranexamic acid, a synthetic antifibrinolytic drug, has been shown to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in cardiac surgery with CPB. About 30% of patients in OPCAB studies still receive a transfusion. A few small sample size studies concerned with the use of in OPCAB surgery, found that tranexamic acid appear to be effective in reducing postoperative bleeding, however, the results on transfusion requirements are still inconsistency. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of tranexamic acid on the postoperative bleeding and transfusion requirements in a larger number of patients undergoing OPCAB surgery. In addition, the effect of tranexamic acid on mortality, morbidity and resource utilization was examined.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Intervention

Tranexamic Acid

Location

Cardiovascular Institute and Fuwai Hospital
Beijing
China
100037

Status

Completed

Source

Cardiovascular Institute & Fuwai Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:46-0400

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The effect of tranexamic acid to reduce blood loss and transfusion on off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery: A systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

Abdominal artery that follows the curvature of the stomach. The right gastroepiploic artery is frequently used in CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING; MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION, and other vascular reconstruction.

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.

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