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The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of two after-school programs on children's physical activity, fitness, body composition, and academic performance.
Tennessee ranks 4th for the highest prevalence of adult obesity in the nation (30.2%), and ranks 5th for the highest rate of youth obesity (36.5%). The Division of General Pediatrics at Vanderbilt has a specific research focus to develop community engagement projects that measurably reduce childhood obesity. Metro Parks and Recreation has been showcased by the National Recreation and Parks Association (NRPA) as a national model for its leadership role in community health and wellness. The two have created a unique academic-community partnership, guided by principals of community-based participatory research (CBPR), that is working to test and disseminate effective Metro Parks-based programs to reduce pediatric obesity. The proposed study will examine the impact of the Coleman Community Center after-school program on routine physical activity, weight and fitness outcomes in children who belong to the low-income and racial and ethnic minority populations at highest risk for childhood obesity. This study was requested by Metro Parks and has significant policy implications: If the program is deemed effective in improving daily physical activity, weight and/or fitness outcomes in students, the proposed study will serve as the rationale to expand the program to Metro Parks' 22 community centers, all of which are located in under-resourced neighborhoods.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Metro Parks & Recreation - Coleman Park Regional Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:08-0400
The purpose of this project is to establish a Center of Excellence in Research on Obesity that will focus on severe obesity. The prevalence of severe obesity (i.e., Class 2 and 3 obesity;...
The purpose of this survey is to collect the data on perceptions, behaviours and awareness related to obesity and obesity management for People with Obesity (PwO) and Health Care Professio...
Obesity affects over one third of US adults (>72 million, with BMI ≥30 kg/m2), and the proportion of US adults with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 has doubled in the last 20 years. Obesity is associate...
The purpose of this study is to design and demonstrate the feasibility of implementing moderate and intensive environmental obesity prevention programs at major worksites.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the community-based obesity treatment (PP), compared to usual care (UC), on changes in maternal weight over 12 months.
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Medical management of obesity can result in significant weight loss and reduce the burden of obesity-related complications. This report employs a new conceptual model to quantify engagement with obesi...
Obesity currently affects 78.6 million people (33%) in the United States and is expected to increase to over 50% of the population by 2030. This epidemic is fueled by the growing rate of obesity in ad...
Previous literature suggests the beneficial effects of fitness on abdominal obesity may be attenuated in obesity and abolished in severe obesity. It is unclear whether the beneficial association betwe...
Body mass index(BMI) is a calculation index of general obesity. Waist circumference(WC) is a measure of body-fat distribution and always used to estimate abdominal obesity. An important trait of gener...
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...