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Intravenous lidocaine has been shown to have analgesic, antinflammatory, antihyperalgesic, antithrombotics and neuroprotective properties. In a previous study conducted in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia with desflurane and fentanyl, intraoperative i.v. infusion of lidocaine spared opioids consumption in the recovery room by 30%.
The purpose of this study was to determine if an i.v. infusion of lidocaine without intraoperative opioids would reduce the amount of fentanyl to the same extent and opioids-related side effects.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
McGill University Health Centre, Montreal General Hospital
McGill University Health Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:08-0400
Ophthalmological procedures such as cataract extraction can be carried out with a peribulbar block (PBB). The advantages of this anesthetic technique include a lower incidence of coughing,...
The aim of this trial is to examine the possibility that fentanyl 1,5 µgr/kg given intravenously (i.v.) before the start of remifentanil infusion for anesthesia gives less development of ...
The primary goal is to assess whether Lidocaine/IVPCA is better in morphine requirements and simultaneously not worse in pain control measured by VAS pain score compared to IVPCA alone.
The investigators designed a prospective randomized study to investigate the effect of fentanyl 12 mcg transdermal patch on postoperative pain following unilateral, single-level laminectom...
Oxycodone is one of the most widely used opioids for pain treatment. Many studies demonstrated good efficacy of oxycodone on postoperative pain. In this study, we assess the efficacy and s...
The management of postoperative pain and recovery is still unsatisfactory in a number of cases in clinical practice. Opioids used for postoperative analgesia are frequently associated with adverse eff...
An efficient and simple approach to control postoperative pain in transumbilical single-port laparoscopic surgery appears necessary. We conducted a retrospective analysis in a study group (80 patients...
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is commonly attributed to opioid analgesics; consequently, perioperative opioid dosage reduction is a common practice. However, inadequate fentanyl analgesia m...
A recently developed transdermal fentanyl solution was hypothesized to be effective for non-invasive postoperative analgesia in rats.
To compare the efficacy and safety of trocar-site infiltration with lidocaine and no intervention for postoperative pain relief after diagnostic laparoscopy.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).
Pain during the period after surgery.
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...