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Intravenous Lidocaine for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

2014-08-27 03:16:08 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Intravenous lidocaine has been shown to have analgesic, antinflammatory, antihyperalgesic, antithrombotics and neuroprotective properties. In a previous study conducted in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia with desflurane and fentanyl, intraoperative i.v. infusion of lidocaine spared opioids consumption in the recovery room by 30%.

The purpose of this study was to determine if an i.v. infusion of lidocaine without intraoperative opioids would reduce the amount of fentanyl to the same extent and opioids-related side effects.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Postoperative Pain

Intervention

Lidocaine, Fentanyl

Location

McGill University Health Centre, Montreal General Hospital
Montreal
Quebec
Canada
H3G1A4

Status

Recruiting

Source

McGill University Health Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:08-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).

Pain during the period after surgery.

A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.

A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)

Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.

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