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Statin Use in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

2014-07-23 21:10:50 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Aneurysm formation is associated with a chronic inflammatory response, depletion of smooth muscle cell population and excessive matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) production. 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) are lipid lowering agents with pleiotropic effects including anti-inflammatory activity. Elective open AAA repair patients will be randomised to receive either statin (Atorvastatin 80 mg) or placebo (dummy tablet) for 4 weeks pre-operatively. Tissue samples will be obtained from patient's aneurysm to assess MMP's and their inhibitors TIMP's. It is hypothesized that patients receiving statin will have reduced MMP's.

Description

All patients listed for elective open AAA repair will be screened for suitability to participate within the study. In this double blind randomized control trial patients will be recruited through vascular surgical outpatient clinics. After inclusion, informed consent and evaluation of base line characteristics patients will be given a prescription for study medication. This prescription was exchanged by the patient for medication at the hospital pharmacy. Randomization will be carried out by pharmacy with computer generated sequence with a sub group size of 4. This will ascertain the order of prescribed drug/ placebo. Pharmacy then dispensed the drug/ placebo in this order. Drug used will be Atorvastatin 80 mg, white, elliptical, film coated tablets debossed '80' on one side and 'PD 158' on the other side. The placebo is similar in shape and colour. Drug/ placebo will be given for 4 weeks pre-operatively. Full thickness infrarenal aortic samples will obtained at time of operation and the exact sample site will be recorded. Samples will be washed with 0.9% saline to remove blood and clots, snap-frozen and stored at -80C for subsequent MMP 2, 8 and 9 and TIMP 1 and 2 analyses.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)

Conditions

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Intervention

Atorvastatin, Placebo

Location

Hull & east Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust
Hull
United Kingdom
HU3 2JZ

Status

Completed

Source

University of Hull

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:50-0400

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An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.

The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.

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