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The Effect of Spironolactone on Blood Pressure in Type-2 Diabetics With Resistant Hypertension

2014-08-27 03:16:08 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to estimate the effect of spironolactone on blood pressure resistant to therapy in type-2 diabetics.

Description

The primary object of the study is to estimate the effect of addition of low dose spironolactone to antihypertensive treatment with at least three antihypertensive drugs in patients with type-2 diabetes and blood pressure over 130/80 mmHg.

Secondary aims are to estimate how many of these patients have their blood pressure controlled by the addition of spironolactone, to investigate whether the addition of spironolactone affects insulin sensitivity and urinary protein secretion and to estimate the incidence of adverse effects of the aldosterone antagonist.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Arterial Hypertension

Intervention

spironolactone, placebo

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Odense University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:08-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Common occlusive arterial disease which is caused by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. It is characterized by lesions in the innermost layer (ARTERIAL INTIMA) of arteries including the AORTA and its branches to the extremities. Risk factors include smoking, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, and HYPERTENSION.

A birth defect characterized by the narrowing of the AORTA that can be of varying degree and at any point from the transverse arch to the iliac bifurcation. Aortic coarctation causes arterial HYPERTENSION before the point of narrowing and arterial HYPOTENSION beyond the narrowed portion.

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).

Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of medium and large muscular ARTERIES with lesions in the innermost layer of the artery (ARTERIAL INTIMA). This disease process of atherogenesis includes the retention of cholesterol-rich LIPOPROTEINS and their binding to PROTEOGLYCANS in the arterial intima, generation of proinflammatory molecules that recruit MACROPHAGES to the subendothelial space, formation of FOAM CELLS, and eventual calcification of the arterial wall. These arterial plaques (atheromas) contain CARBOHYDRATES; BLOOD; and CALCIUM.

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