Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Hepatitis E virus is a public health problem in several countries of the world where safe drinking water is a problem. HEV is an exclusive cause of epidemic hepatitis in general population. HEV infection occurs most frequently in rainy season. The disease affects mainly young adults in the age of 15-40 years.HEV viral infection is of particular concern in pregnancy. It is a potential disaster for mother and child. HEV infection during pregnancy is fulminant and fatal especially if it occurs in third trimester. The mortality in the second trimester is around 20% and reaches upto 45% in the third trimester.
The study will include pregnant women with acute viral hepatitis and fulminant hepatic failure (jaundice). The women with FHF will be recruited from the medical wards and antenatal wards as all such patients are routinely admitted in the hospital.
The pregnant women with acute viral hepatitis will be recruited either from antenatal clinic and medical outpatient, or from the medical and antenatal wards because pregnant women with AVH are admitted if they have serum bilirubin levels > 15- 20 mg / dl, persistently high bilirubin levels for more than 2-3 weeks, abnormal prothrombin time, evidence of progression of the disease, need parenteral therapy (because of excessive vomiting).
The enrolled subjects will be evaluated on the basis of a pre-designed and pre-tested proforma with respect to history and clinical examination, obstetrics examination and ultrasonography. Ten ml venous blood sample will be drawn from the patient at the time of enrollment detection of hepatotropic viruses (Various serological markers of hepatitis will be done which includes: IgM anti-HAV, HBsAg, IgM anti-HBc, HBeAg, anti-HCV Ab and IgM anti-HEV would be done using commercially available ELISA kits and Extraction of HEV-RNA from serum will be done) & levels of cytokines (IL-6, TGF-beta, IFN-g and TNF-α). All the subjects will be followed- up till delivery. The promoter region of cytokine gene will be amplified by PCR in appropriate reaction conditions using suitable sets of primers. PCR product will be used for studying the polymorphisms by restriction fragment length polymorphism.
The control group would comprise of age and POG matched healthy asymptomatic pregnant women
All participants will be followed up till delivery for obstetrical complications, medical complications and pregnancy outcome.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Dr. Ashok Kumar
Maulana Azad Medical College
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:09-0400
Does vaccinating hemodialysis patients with Twinrix® (combination vaccine against hepatitis A and hepatitis B) result in a difference in hepatitis B antibody response in comparison to the...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences of genotypes of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Taiwan.
The purpose of this study is to determine if hepatitis C has damaged the liver, whether each subject's hepatitis C is treatable with currently available medicines, whether patient educatio...
Individuals with resolved hepatitis B, characterized as hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative and hepatitis B core antibody-positive, have latent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection i...
The purpose of this study is to determine if a hepatitis E vaccine is safe and able to prevent symptomatic liver disease due to the hepatitis E virus.
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a defective agent that only replicates in the presence of the hepatitis B virus. Accordingly, HDV acquisition may occur as superinfection of HBsAg+ carriers or following...
Acute viral hepatitis is a common problem in India. World wide data shows that 5 to 20 percent of this is caused by non A-E hepatitis. There is no data in India regarding non A-E hepatitis. We carried...
Inrtroduction: The epidemiological situation for hepatitis D has changed significantly. Reduced population authors infection due to a sharp decline in hospitalizations from Central Asia regions, the C...
Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women throughout the globe. This study is aimed at determining the frequency of these infections among...
World Hepatitis Day is commemorated each year on July 28 with the goal of promoting awareness and inspiring action to prevent and treat viral hepatitis. The World Health Organization's (WHO's) theme o...
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).
A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
Hepatitis (plural hepatitides) is a medical condition defined by the inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. The condition can be self-limiting (healing on its own) or can progress to ...
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...