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Immunotoxins (ITs), monoclonal antibodies conjugated to plant or bacterial toxins, have been extensively investigated for their possible use as anti-tumor agents although not in carcinoma patients with minimal residual disease. Various ITs have been tested in early clinical trials and recent studies demonstrate anti-tumor activity of IT treatment in patients with glioblastoma and different solid tumors. Systemic treatment with immunotoxins directed against carefully selected epithelial cell surface molecules may have a potential for eradicating also dormant metastatic tumor cells, as their action is independent of cell proliferation. The effector moieties of the IT used here, the Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE), inhibits protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells by catalytic inactivation (ribosylation) of elongation factor 2 in the ribosome complex.
The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Department of Clinical Cancer Research
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:10-0400
Hepatocellular carcinoma is one the leading cause of increasing cancer-specific mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma provides opportunity for curative therapeut...
To analyze specific angiogenic, inflammatory and immune profiles in hepatocellular carcinoma patients who undergo radioembolization.
The purpose of this study is to see how people's diets, other aspects of their lifestyles affect their chances of getting gallbladder carcinoma. This survey will enroll several hundred pat...
Thyroid carcinoma is the common endocrine system malignant neoplasm. At present it has become the malignant neoplasm of fastest growing incidence rate. More than 85% thyroid carcinoma is p...
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- Lung tumors are histologically heterogeneous, but classification of lung carcinoma has prognostic impact and increasingly, specific molecular correlates.
Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is rare subtype of breast carcinoma and is regarded as ductal carcinoma that undergoes metaplasia into a glandular growth pattern. Spindle cell carcinoma (SPC) is a ...
Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma is a rare malignancy, with an incidence of 0.7% to 1.6%. Most cases of thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma are papillary carcinoma, with follicular carcinoma having been ...
Thymic carcinoma represents a rare and poorly understood type of thymic epithelial neoplasm that has been the subject of much controversy. Poorly differentiated nonkeratinizing squamous cell carcinoma...
Acinic cell carcinoma is a relatively rare salivary gland tumor predominantly occurring in the major glands. Therefore, acinic cell carcinoma rarely occurs in the mandible. In this study, a case of pr...
A condition in which abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct, lobule, or nipple to other tissues of the breast. There are 3 types of breast carcinoma in situ: DUCTAL CARCINOMA IN SITU; LOBULAR CARCINOMA IN SITU; and PAGET DISEASE OF THE NIPPLE
A transplantable carcinoma of the rat that originally appeared spontaneously in the mammary gland of a pregnant albino rat, and which now resembles a carcinoma in young transplants and a sarcoma in older transplants. (Stedman, 25th ed)
An adenocarcinoma characterized by the presence of cells resembling the glandular cells of the ENDOMETRIUM. It is a common histological type of ovarian CARCINOMA and ENDOMETRIAL CARCINOMA. There is a high frequency of co-occurrence of this form of adenocarcinoma in both tissues.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...