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The purpose of this study is to test the existence of an increased risk of cataracts among interventional cardiologists as compared to cardiologists not exposed to X-rays.
This cross-sectional study includes cardiologists aged > 40 years: a group of interventional cardiologists (coronary interventionists and electrophysiologists) and a group of unexposed cardiologists. Individual information, including risk factors of cataracts (age, diabetes, myopia, etc. ...), are collected during a telephone interview. For the exposed group, a specific section of the questionnaire is focused on the occupational history, the description of the procedures (type, frequency, radiation protection tool) and will be used for the classification into "comparable exposure level" groups according to estimates of cumulative dose. For all participants, eye examinations are performed to specifically detect cataracts even in the early stages (lens opacities, LOCS III according to the international standard classification).
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:13-0400
The objective of this study is to discover the genes responsible for the development of hereditary cataracts in families. A cataract is clouding of the lens of the eye that obstructs the ...
This study will explore the clinical and hereditary (genetic) features of inherited cataracts. A cataract is a clouding of the eye lens, which focuses light on the back of the eye. When ...
This study will use a newly developed instrument called dynamic light scattering device (DLS) to examine age-related changes in the human lens and to study the causes and development of ca...
Cataract, in which the lens of the eye is opacified, is the major cause of blindness. This study will examine protein material of the lens called crystallins to try to determine what caus...
This study will investigate whether people who donate granulocytes (a type of white blood cell) by leukapheresis are at increased risk of developing cataracts (changes in the lens of the e...
Congenital cataracts, the most common cause of visual impairment and blindness in children worldwide, have diverse etiologies. According to statistics analysis, about one quarter of congenital catarac...
Mutations in connexin50 (Cx50) and connexin46 (Cx46) cause cataracts. Because the expression of Cx46fs380 leads to decreased gap junctional coupling and formation of calcium precipitates, we studied C...
Cataract, the clinical correlate of opacity or light scattering in the eye lens, is usually caused by the presence of high-molecular-weight (HMW) protein aggregates or disruption of the lens microarch...
Ocular trauma in the pediatric population may lead to cataract formation. Managing traumatic cataracts in a visually immature child is a major challenge and can result in poor visual outcome.
Atopic cataracts develop under the ages of 40 years, after which visual acuity rapidly declines. However, the mechanism underlying the development of atopic cataracts is not yet clear. We focused on ...
Antilipemic agent with high ophthalmic toxicity. According to Merck Index, 11th ed, the compound was withdrawn from the market in 1962 because of its association with the formation of irreversible cataracts.
An oculomandibulofacial syndrome principally characterized by dyscephaly (usually brachycephaly), parrot nose, mandibular hypoplasia, proportionate nanism, hypotrichosis, bilateral congenital cataracts, and microphthalmia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An autosomal recessive disorder that causes premature aging in adults, characterized by sclerodermal skin changes, cataracts, subcutaneous calcification, muscular atrophy, a tendency to diabetes mellitus, aged appearance of the face, baldness, and a high incidence of neoplastic disease.
An autosomal recessive syndrome occurring principally in females, characterized by the presence of reticulated, atrophic, hyperpigmented, telangiectatic cutaneous plaques, often accompanied by juvenile cataracts, saddle nose, congenital bone defects, disturbances in the growth of HAIR; NAILS; and TEETH; and HYPOGONADISM.
An abnormal congenital condition, associated with defects in the LAMIN TYPE A gene, which is characterized by premature aging in children, where all the changes of cell senescence occur. It is manifested by premature greying; hair loss; hearing loss (DEAFNESS); cataracts (CATARACT); ARTHRITIS; OSTEOPOROSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; atrophy of subcutaneous fat; skeletal hypoplasia; elevated urinary HYALURONIC ACID; and accelerated ATHEROSCLEROSIS. Many affected individuals develop malignant tumors, especially SARCOMA.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...