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This study is designed to test the effects on liver fat of varying fat intake in the presence of fructose or glucose. We hypothesize that higher dietary fat when eaten with fructose as compared to glucose will increase the amount of hepatic lipid as measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
After 2 screening visits including an exercise test, DEXA and CT scan, qualifiers begin a 7 day diet with 20% fat, 65% carbohydrate (with 20% glucose) and 15 % protein. Participants consume 2 meals per day at PBRC with lunch and weekend meals packed to go. Following a test day, participants are randomized to one of 3 diet assignments and then test again:
1)20% fat, 65% carbohydrate (with 20% glucose beverage), 15% protein 2)40% fat, 45% carbohydrate (with 20% glucose beverage), 15% protein 3)40% fat, 45% carbohydrate (with 20% fructose beverage), 15% protein On Day 7 and again 14 days later participants have labs, an oral Glucose tolerance test, hepatic and intramuscular lipid measures by MRS, vital signs and waist measurement.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Body Weight Changes
40% Fat Diet, 20% Fructose Beverage, 20% Glucose Beverage, 20% Glucose Beverage
Pennintgon Biomedical Research Center
Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:13-0400
This study investigates the effects of commercially-available dairy (1% cow's milk and yogurt beverage) and non-dairy alternatives (almond and soy beverages) on satiety and post-meal blood...
The purpose of this experiment is to investigate the effect of active video game playing for 30 minutes on food intake and subjective appetite. The investigators hypothesize that video gam...
The proposed project will examine the strength, specificity and persistence of neurobehavioral adaptions that occur in the initial period of repeated consumption of a branded sugar sweeten...
In the U.S., dietary fructose has increased in parallel with the increase in obesity and may promote the development of diabetes and other chronic diseases. The largest source of dietary f...
The specific aim for this project will be to investigate a cranberry beverage as a means to restore balance in terms of the relative proportions of the various bacteria that inhabit the la...
Our objective is to retrospectively describe longitudinal beverage intakes and anthropometric measures according to adolescent beverage patterns. Data were collected from Iowa Fluoride Study participa...
Obesity is a risk factor for gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes). Low-glycemic index diets attenuate hyperglycemia. We designed a study to determine whether a slow-digesting, low-glycemic load...
On October 1, 2014, the Chilean government modified its previous sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax, increasing the tax rate from 13% to 18% on industrialized beverages with high levels of sugar (H-SS...
Beverages contribute to hydration and affect total calorie intake (1). For all individuals aged 2 years and over, the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that water, fat-free and low-...
To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents.
A beverage prepared from SOYBEANS.
A beverage made by FERMENTATION of black tea and/or green tea.
An ester of glucose with phosphoric acid, made in the course of glucose metabolism by mammalian and other cells. It is a normal constituent of resting muscle and probably is in constant equilibrium with fructose-6-phosphate. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. It is best known for the COFFEE beverage prepared from the beans (SEEDS).
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...