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Efficacy of Alpha Tocopherol for Prevention of Contrast-induced Nephropathy in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

2014-08-27 03:16:13 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of alpha tocopherol for prevention contrast-induced nephropathy in CKD patients undergoing elective coronary procedures.

Description

Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) increases the likelihood of patient morbidity and mortality following coronary procedures. Contrast agents cause an acute deterioration in renal function via the generation of reactive oxygen species. Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol)was demonstrated to be anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation. The present study was designed to evaluate the administration of antioxidant vitamin E (alpha tocopherol) as a means of preventing CIN in these patients.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Contrast Induced Nephropathy

Intervention

alpha tocopherol, placebo

Location

Adis Tasanarong
Khlong Luang
Pathumtani
Thailand
12121

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Thammasat University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:13-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A natural tocopherol and one of the most potent antioxidant tocopherols. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. It has four methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus. The natural d form of alpha-tocopherol is more active than its synthetic dl-alpha-tocopherol racemic mixture.

A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in BETA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.

A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than alpha-tocopherol. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.

Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.

A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.

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