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The primary objective was to improve adjuvant 5-FU chemoradiotherapy in resectable rectal cancer. The investigators hypothesis was that modulation of 5-FU by addition of either FA or INF-alpha may increase overall survival.
Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). For sample size estimation the following assumptions were made: The 5-year OS rate of 5-FU was estimated to be 58%. Our intention was to detect an increase in the 5-year OS rate by one of the additives of at least 10% with a power of 80% and a level of significance of 5% in comparison to 5-FU (one-sided). Hypotheses were analyzed as pair wise comparisons between the treatment options. This resulted in a target sample size of 280 patients per group and a total of 840 patients.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Folinic Acid, interferon-alpha
Department of General, Visceral, and Transplantation Surgery, University of Ulm
University of Ulm
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:14-0400
This multicenter open labeled phase 2 trial examines the efficacy of a combination of Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 (30 min), Cisplatin 30 mg/m2 (90 min), Folinic Acid 200 mg/m2 (30 min) and 5-FU...
When administered simultaneously, interferon-alpha 2b + interferon-gamma result in dramatic antiviral synergy.Ribavirin has shown to enhance interferon-gamma levels in patients with chroni...
The purpose of the study is to test safety and efficacy of different doses of thymosin alpha 1 (1.6 mg, 3.2 mg, and 6.4 mg) in combination with dacarbazine and with or without Interferon a...
The trial aimed to examine the effects of supplementation with antioxidants and folinic acid on the health, growth and psychomotor development of children with Down syndrome. 156 children ...
The aim of this study was to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of bolus mitomycin C (MMC) in combination with 24 h-continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (FU) plus folinic acid, and t...
Interferon alpha-induced arthritis and activation of the type 1 interferon pathway during rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been well documented but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study ad...
Low-dose methotrexate (ld-MTX) that is administered during rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment has hematological adverse effects such as pancytopenia, although rare. Although well-established and wide...
Folic acid is an essential vitamin participating in DNA synthesis and repair. Recently folic acid has been shown to stimulate DNA-repair capacity in dermal fibroblasts in response to injury. Thus, the...
NF-κB interacting lncRNA (NKILA) has been found to function as a tumor-suppressive role in various human cancers. However, the role of NKILA in rectal cancer is still unknown. The objective of this s...
Previous reviews and meta-analyses, which predominantly focused on patients treated before 2000, have reported conflicting evidence about the association between hospital/surgeon volume and rectal can...
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
A ubiquitously expressed heterodimeric receptor that is specific for both INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It is composed of two subunits referred to as IFNAR1 and IFNAR2. The IFNAR2 subunit is believed to serve as the ligand-binding chain; however both chains are required for signal transduction. The interferon alpha-beta receptor signals through the action of JANUS KINASES such as the TYK2 KINASE.
An interferon regulatory factor that binds upstream TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORY ELEMENTS in the GENES for INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It functions as a transcriptional activator for the INTERFERON TYPE I genes.
The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.
A DEAD box RNA helicase that contains two N-terminal CASPASE ACTIVATION AND RECRUITMENT DOMAINS. It functions as a sensor of viral NUCLEIC ACIDS such as DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA and activates the INNATE IMMUNE RESPONSE by inducing the expression of INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It may also regulate cell growth and APOPTOSIS.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...