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Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a device implanted to improve the function of some people's hearts. CRT involves the placement of 3 wires in the heart through a vein near the front of your left or right shoulder into three pumping chambers of the heart, the most important being the left lower chamber (left ventricle). The purpose of CRT is to send small amounts of energy (called pacing) through the wires to both the left and right lower chambers of your heart at (or near) the same time. This helps the heart pump in a more coordinated way and send more blood to your body with each beat. How much energy is used for pacing is called the stimulus intensity. Increasing the pacing stimulus intensity of the left ventricular wire can lead to an increase in the volume of heart muscle directly stimulated. This has previously been shown to produce beneficial effects on the heart function, like strength of contraction and increased volume of blood pumped. The purpose of this study is to determine if pacing the wires in the left ventricular chamber of the heart using higher stimulus intensity improves the strength of the heart's contraction.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Congestive Heart Failure
LV stimulus intensity
Emory University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:14-0400
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A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
A semisynthetic digitalis glycoside with the general properties of DIGOXIN but more rapid onset of action. Its cardiotonic action is prolonged by its demethylation to DIGOXIN in the liver. It has been used in the treatment of congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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