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The use of platelet aggregation inhibitors, including aspirin and clopidogrel(CPDG), has become a standard management strategy for patients with acute coronary syndrome. On this background, an increasing percentage of patients presenting for surgical coronary revascularization is the subject to irreversible platelet inhibition.
Investigations on the effect of antiplatelet treatment on postoperative bleeding after cardiac surgery have shown that patients treated with antiplatelet agents until surgery have increased postoperative bleeding, and also an increased need for transfusions of blood products. As a result of the antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel, the frequency of serious bleeding complications has increased significantly, as seen in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), especially when they received clopidogrel until surgery.
Tranexamic acid(TA) is a widely used antifibrinolytic agent, and is a promising substitute for aprotinin when the latter has seceded in 2007.The release of plasmin during cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) activates fibrinolysis and may contribute to platelet dysfunction. Pharmacological inhibition of the fibrinolytic system may therefore ameliorate platelet dysfunction and fibrinolysis after CPB and decrease postoperative bleeding. Tranexamic acid prevents plasmin formation and inhibits fibrinolysis.
Concerning the secession of aprotinin and the increasing proportion of patients with persistence on clopidogrel until their surgery, evolutional work is expected, especially in the eastern population.
The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of tranexamic acid in patients with clopidogrel and asprin ingestion until surgery. The investigators working hypothesis was that tranexamic acid would lower postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirements in these patients and would attenuate bleeding complication of antiplatelet therapy.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cardiovascular Institute and Fuwai Hospital, CMAS&PUMC
Cardiovascular Institute & Fuwai Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:14-0400
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Antifibrinolytic hemostatic used in severe hemorrhage.
Control of bleeding performed through the channel of the endoscope. Techniques include use of lasers, heater probes, bipolar electrocoagulation, and local injection. Endoscopic hemostasis is commonly used to treat bleeding esophageal and gastrointestinal varices and ulcers.
Control of bleeding during or after surgery.
A disorder of HEMOSTASIS in which there is a tendency for the occurrence of THROMBOSIS.
A biochemical messenger and regulator, synthesized from the essential amino acid L-TRYPTOPHAN. In humans it is found primarily in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and blood platelets. Serotonin mediates several important physiological functions including neurotransmission, gastrointestinal motility, hemostasis, and cardiovascular integrity. Multiple receptor families (RECEPTORS, SEROTONIN) explain the broad physiological actions and distribution of this biochemical mediator.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...