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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of fasting on physical changes associated with cardiovascular disease.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the largest contributor to morbidity and mortality in the Western world and is associated with high-calorie diet, high body mass, and a variety of other factors. CHD can lead to myocardial infarction (MI) and other embolic events. A growing body of evidence suggests that relatively low caloric intake in the diets of a variety of animals increases longevity and preliminary evidence among humans indicates that such caloric restriction reduces risk factors for CHD, including cholesterol levels, blood pressure, glucose, and obesity. Caloric restriction has also been shown to alter the expression of certain genes, especially the forkhead box (FOX) O and sirtuin (SIRT) genes whose over-expression has been shown to increase longevity in animal models. Extended avoidance of caloric intake, also called fasting or short-term starvation, has been shown to increase expression of the FOXA genes that have similar sequence and function as the FOXO genes and that have been shown to increase longevity among animals regardless of FOXO function. We recently demonstrated that the risk of CHD was significantly lower among patients who reported a history of routine periodic extended fasting. The two primary hypotheses for this observation are that fasting may improve individual ability to control dietary intake or that fasting may initiate a cascade of protective mechanisms that preserve cellular and metabolic health.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intermountain Medical Center
Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:15-0400
The survey is designed to investigate whether 8wk of discrete two-day intermittent fasting will impact gut microbiota and oxidative stress of Cardiovascular Diseases High-risk Subjects.
The goal of this study is to determine how effective repeated fasting over 26 weeks (6 months) is at improving risk parameters that are surrogate endpoints for cardiovascular diseases, met...
The purpose of Intermittent Fasting study is to investigate whether intermittent fasting could decrease the chronic inflammation levels in overweight/obese people.
Ramadan fasting (RF) has been shown to be associated with vascular and metabolic disorders including glycemic control and lipid profile. It may also alter pharmacologic properties of some ...
This study will examine whether fasting and non-fasting lipid measures can provide similar clinical information in order to guide lipid management by primary physicians. It will compare f...
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and generally measured after 8-12 h fasting. However, some recent studies have pointed that non...
Impaired glucose metabolism represents one the most important cardiovascular risk factors, with steeply raising prevalence in overall population. We aimed to compare mortality risk of impaired fasting...
Sex-specific differences in pathophysiology, prevalence, and impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may explain the high cardiovascular mortality rates in women.
The high amount of saturated fatty acids (SFA) coupled with the rising availability and consumption of palm oil have lead to the assumption that palm oil contributes to the increased prevalence of car...
Hypoxemia in humans may occur during high altitude mountaineering and in patients suffering from ventilatory insufficiencies such as cardiovascular- or respiratory disease including Chronic Obstructiv...
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
Restoration of functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from a CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE. It also includes cardiac conditioning and SECONDARY PREVENTION in patients with elevated cardiovascular risk profile.
An autosomal recessive fructose metabolism disorder due to absent or deficient fructose-1,6-diphosphatase activity. Gluconeogenesis is impaired, resulting in accumulation of gluconeogenic precursors (e.g., amino acids, lactate, ketones) and manifested as hypoglycemia, ketosis, and lactic acidosis. Episodes in the newborn infant are often lethal. Later episodes are often brought on by fasting and febrile infections. As patients age through early childhood, tolerance to fasting improves and development becomes normal.
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Biological actions and events that support the functions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...