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Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Pharmacogenomics Study of Methadone Therapy

2014-08-27 03:16:15 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Addiction has been regarded as one of the most serious health and social problems in Taiwan, and heroin is currently considered to be the major substance of abuse. The most widely used treatment to date is methadone replacement therapy. It is reported that to achieve a better clinical response and to avoid possible side effects, the blood level of methadone should remain in a certain level. However, the blood level of methadone is mediated by various factors besides dosage. Genetic variability in genes that encodes enzymes affecting methadone metabolism, target receptors of methadone, and drug-drug interaction by other medication patients take will all affect blood level. Therefore, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and pharmacogenomic study is crucial for evaluating and predicting the clinical response, cause of side effects or toxicity, as well as studies on drug-drug interactions.

This is a cross-sectional study in order to evaluate the relationship between methadone plasma level and clinical response in patients under methadone maintenance therapy and to identify optimal therapeutic thresholds. HPLC will be used to analyze methadone and its metabolites. Our hypothesis is that methadone plasma levels in patients who are responsive to methadone maintenance therapy are higher than level in non-responsive patients, and higher plasma level leads to less severe withdrawal symptoms. We will also test if an optimal minimal dosage exists among these patients. In the meanwhile, we will aim to test if methadone level and clinical response is correlated with different genetic polymorphism. Candidate genes that involve in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic process of methadone (e.g. CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP2B6, ABCB1, opioid mu receptor and kappa receptor) will be genotyped for these analyses.

The results of this study will provide clinical information of methadone treatment and pharmacogenomic data in Taiwanese for clinicians to achieve a better treatment outcome.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Heroin-addicted Patients Who Undertook Methadone Maintenance Treatment

Intervention

no intervention applied

Location

Departments of Psychiatry, Wei-Gong Memorial Hospital
Miaoli
Taiwan

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:15-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.

Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.

A syndrome associated with inflammation of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical features include severe pain in the shoulder region which may be accompanied by MUSCLE WEAKNESS and loss of sensation in the upper extremity. This condition may be associated with VIRUS DISEASES; IMMUNIZATION; SURGERY; heroin use (see HEROIN DEPENDENCE); and other conditions. The term brachial neuralgia generally refers to pain associated with brachial plexus injury. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1355-6)

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

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